- Bacteria reproduce by a type of cell division called binary fission.
- In this process, one cell divides to give two identical daughter cells.
- Most of the genetic information in bacteria is found on a single circular chromosome which consists of DNA and proteins.
- This information must be distributed equally to each of the daughter cells.
- Therefore, the bacterial cell replicates its chromosome before the process of fission takes place
- The two copies of the chromosome remain attached to the membrane and the membrane simply grows between the two attached sites.
- After the cell has grown to about twice its normal size, the membrane pinches inward and a cell wall develops.
- The parent has been divided into two identical daughter cells.