Renaissance & Baroque Music Chronology: Composers

Gordon J. Callon
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Composers  Composers (Chronological)   (born 1701-1792) Index    |    (Alphabetical IndexIndex     General History Details Index    Other Details, Music History Index    Composer Links Index

Graphical Chronologies:

  Early Twelfth-Century Chronology (1140-1199) [15Kb]       Late Twelfth-Century Chronology (1140-1199) [17Kb]
  Early Thirteenth-Century Chronology (1190-1249) [16Kb]     Late Thirteenth-Century Chronology (1240-1299) [17Kb]  
  Early Fourteenth-Century Chronology (1290-1349) [19Kb]     Late Fourteenth-Century Chronology (1340-1399) [21Kb]  
  Early Fifteenth-Century Chronology (1390-1449) [24Kb]     Late Fifteenth-Century Chronology (1440-1499) [39Kb]  
  Early Sixteenth-Century Chronology (1490-1549) [49Kb]     Late Sixteenth-Century Chronology (1540-1599) [57Kb]  
  Early Seventeenth-Century Chronology (1590-1649) [50Kb]     Late Seventeenth-Century Chronology (1640-1699) [54Kb]  
  Early Eighteenth-Century Chronology (1690-1749) [69Kb]     Late Eighteenth-Century Chronology (1740-1799) [68Kb]  

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Index Alphabetical Index   History Top: General History   Music History Top: Music History   Composers Top .....

Composers (chronological)

[  Abelard  | Hildegard v. Bingen  | Léonin  | Walter v. d. Vogelweide  | Pérotin  | [1201]  | Adam de la Halle  | Vitry  | Machaut  | [1301]  | Landini  | Power  | Ciconia  | Dunstaple  | Du Fay  | Binchois  | [1401]  | Paumann  | Ockeghem  | Morton  | Tinctoris  | Busnoys  | Isaac  | Josquin  | Finck  | Hayne v. Ghizeghem  | Agricola  | Frye  | Compère  | Obrecht  | la Rue  | Mouton  | Hofhaimer  | Brumel  | Fayrfax  | Davy  | Cornysh  | P. de Escobar  | Enzina  | Cara  | Peñalosa  | Tromboncino  | Verdelot  | Janequin  | Aston  | Senfl  | Festa  | Taverner  | Sermisy  | Willaert  | Gombert  | J. Walter  | Morales  | Milán  | [1501]  | Arcadelt  | Tye  | Tallis  | Mudarra  | Clemens non Papa  | Manchicourt  | Cabezón  | Ortiz  | Sheppard  | Rore  | Zarlino  | Monte  | Cavazzoni  | Palestrina  | Guerrero  | Porta  | Le Jeune  | Lassus  | A. Gabrieli  | C. Merulo  | Striggio  | Wert  | Byrd  | G. Caccini  | Victoria  | Cavalieri  | Vecchi  | Marenzio  | G. Gabrieli  | Morley  | Gesualdo  | Sweelinck  | Bull  | Dowland  | Monteverdi 1567-1612, 1513-1643  | Banchieri  | S. Rossi  | Prætorius  | Wilbye  | Ferrabosco  | Weelkes  | Gibbons  | Frescobaldi  | Schütz  | Schein  | F. Caccini  | Scheidt  | Jenkins  | Merula  | Buonamente  | Marini  | H. Lawes  | L. Rossi  | [1601]  | W. Lawes  | Cavalli  | Kittel  | Carissimi  | Froberger  | Strozzi  | Legrenzi  | Cambert  | Locke  | Lully  | Buxtehude  | Bononcini, G.M.  | Stradella  | Charpentier  | Biber  | Blow  | J.J. Walther  | Muffat  | J. Pachelbel  | Corelli  | Marais  | de Lalande  | Torelli  | Purcell  | A. Scarlatti  | Fux  | Campra  | Fischer  | Élisabeth-Claude Jacquet de la Guerre  | Rebel  | Montéclair  | Lotti  | F. Couperin  | Bononcini, G.  | Caldara  | Albinoni  | Keiser  | Vivaldi  | Zelenka  | Mattheson  | Telemann  | Heinichen  | Graupner  | Rameau  | J.G. Walther  | J.S. Bach  | D. Scarlatti  | Händel  | B. Marcello  | Weiss  | Geminiani  | Boismortier  | Tartini  | Roman  | Locatelli  | Leclair  | Quantz  | Hasse  | [1701]  | Sammartini  | J.G. Graun  | C.H. Graun  | Galuppi  | Pergolesi  | W.F. Bach  | Boyce  | Gluck  | C.P.E. Bach  | J.W.A. Stamitz  | L. Mozart  | Soler  | Haydn  | Gossec  | J.C. Bach  | Ditters von Dittersdorf  | Grétry  | Boccherini  | C. Stamitz  | Salieri  |  Clementi  | Viotti  | W.A. Mozart  | Beethoven  | Reicha  | Hummel  | Giuliani  | Spohr  | Weber  | Rossini  ]

[ Index Alphabetical Index Index ]


Peter Abelard (d. 1079-1142)

1079: Born in Le Pallet, in the Pays de Loire, western France.
ca. 1113-1117: Magister in dialectics at cathedral school, Notre Dame, Paris.
1118: Castrated for having an affair with his student, Heloise, and joined a monastery.
1130: The climax of Abelard’s musical and poetic works was made when he wrote the planctus.
1136: Resumed teaching near Paris (Mont Ste Genevieve).
1140: Abelard was condemned at the council of the Sens.

Links

Hildegard von Bingen (d. 1179)

1106: Sent to live with Jutta von Spanheim, the sister of a count whom Hildegard's father served as a knight.
1112: Her vows were received by Bishop Otto of Bamberg on All Saints' Day. She was enclosed as an anchorite at 14 (lived in seclusion for religious reasons).
1136: She was named Prioress, leader of the nuns at her Benedictine monastery near Disibodenberg. (Under the authority of the abbot of St. Disibod).
1147: Pope Eugenis allowed her to record her "visions" (records later to become the Scivias).
1150: Began Physica and Causa et cure, a work on natural science and medicine.
1150: Resigned from role as Prioress of her Benedictine monastery near Disibodenberg.
1151: St. Rupert's monastery established by Hildegard, near Bingen.
1151: Ordo virtuem ("play of the virtues").
1151: Scivias (14 song texts) completed.
1158: Had secured complete financial independence from Disibodenberg.
Composers Top, Composers  
Composers born 1701-1792  
Index Alphabetical Index  
1158: Began Liber vitae meritorum ("Book of life's merits"), a work of moral instruction.
1158: Began a series of travels to men's and women's monasteries and to urban cathedrals to preach to religious and secular clergy.
1160: Completed Physica and Causa et cure.
1163: Obtained protection from Emperor Friedrich Barbarossa who acknowledged her "abbess".
1163: Completed Liber vitae meritorum.
1163: Began Liber divinorum operum ("Book of the divine work").
1165: Established a satellite convent at Eibingen, near Rüdesheim, the location of the present-day Abbey of St. Hildegard.
1171: Completed her final peaching tour.
1173: Liber divinorum operum completed.

Links

Léonin (fl. ca. 1155-1201)

ca. 1155-1200: Served as administrator of the collegiate church of St.Benoît, for Notre Dame Cathedral, Paris.
ca. 1163: Construction began on Notre Dame Cathedral, Paris.
ca. 1192: Probably ordained as a priest, as Cathedral documents then call him "magister Leonius presbyter". Possibly about the same time he became canon of Notre Dame.

Links

Walther von der Vogelweide (ca. 1170-ca. 1230)

1197: He began to write about his support of the Hohenstaufen Philip of Swabia cause, against the Guelfs.
12 November 1203: Walther von der Vogelweide's name is mentioned in a record of travelling expenses for the Bishop Passau, who bought a fur coat from Walther for five solidi (shillings), a substantial amount of money.

Links

Pérotin (fl. ca. 1180-1238)

Links

Composers Top, Composers  
Composers born 1701-1792  
Index Alphabetical Index  

Adam de la Halle (ca. 1237-ca. 1287)

1262: Jeu d'Adam ou de la feuillee.
1271: in the service of Robert II of Artois.
ca.1284: Jeu de Robin et de Marion.
Links

Philippe de Vitry (1291-1361)

31 October 1291: Born possibly in Champagne (near Paris), France.
ca.1320: Ars nova.
1323: He was Canon of Soissons and Archbishop of Brie.
1351: Appointed Bishop of Meaux by Pope Clement VI. He held this position until his death.
1346-1350: In the service of Jean, Duke of Normandy.
1346: Took part in the siege of Aiguillon.
9 June 1361: Died at Meaux.

Links

Guillaume de Machaut (ca. 1300-1377)

1323: Machaut entered the service of John of Luxemburg, King of Bohemia, initally as clerc (a royal secretary). In this service Machaut travelled extensively with the King, visiting his various territories throughout Europe and the French Court.
1330s: Machaut held various non-resident positions at Cathedrals in France.
ca. 1337: Machaut became a canon at Reims Cathedral (non-resident).
1340: Machaut went to live in Reims. He did this without leaving the employment of Jean de Luxembourg.
ca.1350: Messe de Nostre Dame.
Links

Francesco Landini (ca. 1327-1397)

Before 1360: Francesco Landini appears to have been the pioneer in the realm of the polyphonic ballata. The ballata, that earlier is found scarcely in Florence, is two or more simultaneous melodic lines in a poetic Italian form.
1361: Organist at the monastery of Santa Trinità.
1365 until his death: Organist at San Lorenzo, Florence.
1379: Landini helped build the new organ in the church of the SS Annunziata. He also was their organ tuner.
1379: Was paid 9 solidi for writing five motets.
2 September 1397: Died in Florence ad was buried in San Lorenzo 4 September.

Links

Composers Top, Composers  
Composers born 1701-1792  
Index Alphabetical Index  

Leonel Power (?1370/85-1445)

1413-1421: Associated with the household chapel of Thomas, Duke of Clarence.
1423: Became a member of the fraternity of Christ Church, Canterbury.
1438-1445: Served as the first Master of the Lady Chapel Choir at Canterbury.

Links

Johannes Ciconia (ca. 1335 or 1373-1411[/?12])

1385: A Franco-Flemish composer, was a choir boy in Liège at the church of St. Jean l'Evangéliste.
1401: Provided a benefice of S. Biagio di Roncalea; also was appointed chaplainat Padua Cathedral.

Links

John Dunstaple [Dunstable] (ca. 1390-1453)

1422: Dunstable possibly became a musician for the Duke of Bedford in France.
24 December 1453: Died and was buried at St. Stephen Walbrook, London.

Links

Guillaume Du Fay (1397-1474)

1397: ?5 August: Born at Bersele [Beersel] near Brussels.
1409–1412: Choir boy at Cambrai Cathedral. Possibly taught by Richard Loqueville.
1418 (or earlier): Sub-deacon, Cambrai Cathedral.
1420-1426: In service of Malatesta rulers of Pesaro.
1421: Motet "Vasilissa ergo gaude" composed for wedding of Cleofe Malatesta (sister of Duke Carlo Malatesta).
1423: Ballade "Resvelliés vous"" composed for wedding of Carlo Malatesta.
1427: Missa sancti jacobi.
1428: Joined Papal choir as Papal Chaplain, Rome.
1431: "Ecclesie militantis" (motet).
1434: Appointed maistre de chapelle in service of Duke Amadeus VIII of Savoy. Meets Binchois.
1436: The motet, "Nuper Rosarum Flores," was performed for the dedication of Florence Cathedral, Santa Maria del Fiore.
1437: went to Ferrara as there is a payment notice on May 6 1437 referring to him in the Ferrarese court accounts. Where Michael Benintendis asked twenty ducats to be added to his own account in order to repay the money which he had given to “Guielmo de Fait, cantadore in capella del papa”on the instructions of the Marquis Niccolo III. 1439: Employed at Cambrai Cathedral, in service of Burgundian Duke Philip the Good.
1452: Returns to Savoy, as magister capellae for Duke Louis I.
1458: Returns to Cambrai Cathedral, as Canon. In this period, often visited in Cambrai by Ockeghem.
1455: Missa L'homme arme.
1460: Rondeau "En triumphant de cruel Dueil" possibly written to commemorate death of Binchois.
1463: "Ecce ancilla Domini".
Composers Top, Composers  
Composers born 1701-1792  
Index Alphabetical Index  
1474: Died 27 November.

Links

Gilles de Bins dit Binchois (ca. 1400-1460)

ca. 1424: May have been in the service of William Pole, Earl of Suffolk.
ca. 1420s: In service at Burgundian Court.
1437: appointed cannon of St. Wanden at Mons.

Links

Conrad Paumann (ca. 1410–1473)

ca. 1410: Born at Nürnberg; he was blind at birth.
1446-1450: He was organist at St. Sebaldus, Nürnberg.
1447: Appointed Nuremberg official town organist.
1450: Appointed court organist to Duke of Albrecht III of Bavaria, in Munich.
1452: Fundamentum organisandi.
24 Jan 1473: Died at München.

Links

Jean de Ockeghem (ca. 1410/20-1497)

1443: Vicaire-chanteur at Antwerp.
1446: Was in the service of Charles I, Duke of Bourbon, in Moulins as a vicaires-chanteur.
1452 or earlier: Was in the service of Charles VII of France and was first among the singer-chaplains that was a non-priest.
1454 or earlier: Appointed premier chapelain of Charles VII's chapel.
1458 or earlier: Appointed prévôt de la Varenne at the collegiate church of St. Martin, Tours. Charles VII appointed Ockeghem treasurer of St. Martin.
1461: Composed Requiem for the funeral of Charles VII.
1463: Appointed a Canon at Notre Dame, Paris.
1465: Appointed Maître de la chapelle du chant at court of Louis XI, Paris.

Links

Robert Morton (ca. 1430-1479 or later)

1457-1471/2: Employed at the Burgundian court as a clerc.
1471/2-1475/6: Promoted to the position of chappelain at the Burgundian court.

Links

Composers Top, Composers  
Composers born 1701-1792  
Index Alphabetical Index  

Antoine Busnoys (ca. 1430-1492)

1466/7: Chantre in the service of Charles, count of Charolais (Charles the Bold of Burgundy).
1474-75: Was at the siege of Neuss as a member of the Chapel of Charles the Bold.
1478: After the death of Charles the Bold (at the Battle of Nancy, 1677), in he was in the service of Maximilian of Austria and Mary of Burgundy (Charles the Bold's daughter).
1503: Canti cento cinquanta (Venice: Petucci).

Links

Johannes Tinctoris (ca. 1435-1511)

1460: Petit vicaire at Cambrai Cathedral.
1462: Graduated from Université d'Orléans.
Late 1460s: Master of the choristers, Chartres Cathedral.
Early 1470s: In Naples in the service of King Ferrante I.
1470s: Wrote Proportionale musices.
ca. 1472: Became court tutor for music at court of King Ferdinand I of Naples.
ca. 1472-75: Complied the dictionary Terminorum musicae diffinitorium.
1475: In the service of Ferdinand of Aragon, King of Naples.
1480s: Wrote De inventione et usu musice.
ca. 1481–83: portions of De inventione et usu musice, were printed (Naples).
1487: Traveled to northern France and the Austrian Netherlands in an effort to gather singers for the chapel at Naples.
1495: Published Terminorum musicae diffinitorium (Treviso).

Links

Heinrich Isaac (ca. 1440-1517)

ca. 1450: Born in Brabant.
1485–ca. 1493: In service of Medici in Florence.
1492: Visited Rome.
1496: Entered service of Maximilian I in Vienna.
1497: Appointed court composer to Maximilian I.
1514: Provided with an appointment at Florence Cathedral, where he remained until his death.
26 March 1517: Died in Florence.
1550: Choralis Constantinus, I (Nürnberg)

Links

Josquin Desprez (ca. 1440-1521)

1459–1472: Singer at Milan Cathedral.
1474: In service of Duke of Milan.
1479: Granted a travel pass from the Ducal Chapel in Milan for a three-month votive pilgrimage to St. Anthony of Vienne.
before 1484: In the service of Cardinal Ascanio Sforza, who later took him to Rome.
1486: In papal choir.
1489: Receives a Papal Grant a canonry by St. Omer in the diocese of Therouanne.
1494: Last year Josquin’s name appears in papal choir records.
1497 or later: "Nymphes des bois" (lyrics by Jean Molinet), a lament on the death of Ockeghem.
1501: Petrucci publishes Odhecaton in Venice. It included works by Josquin.
1502: "Victimae paschali laudes".
Composers Top, Composers  
Composers born 1701-1792  
Index Alphabetical Index  
1502: Misse Josquin (Venice: Petrucci; reissued 1506 as Liber primus missarum Josquin; further editions Fossombrone, 1516, 1526), the first of a series of three volumes published, 1502-1514, by Petrucci containing six masses by Josquin.
1503: Maestro di capella at court of Ferrara (highest salary ever for that job).
1504: Appointed at Notre Dame, Condé-sur-l'Escaut. 1505: Missarum Josquin liber secundus (Venice: Petrucci; further editions Fossombrone: 1515, 1526).
1514: Missarum Josquin liber tertius (Fossombrone: Petrucci; second edition 1526).

Links

Heinrich Finck (1444/45-1527)

1492: Visited Budapest, Vienna and Torgau, apparently seeking employment.
1510: Appointed Singemeister at Stuttgart.
1519: Became composer for the Salzburg Cathedral chapter.
9 June 1527: Heinrich Finck died in Vienna.

Links

Hayne van Ghizeghem (ca. 1445-1472/97)

January-December, 1467/8: Was a singer and valet de chambre at the court of Burgundy.

Links

Alexander Agricola (1445/46-1506)

1445/46: Born in Ghent.
1475: Employed as petit vicaire at Cambrai Cathedral.
August 1500: Appointed to the position of Chaplain at the Court of Phillip I, Burgundy.
1506: Alexander Agricola accompanied his employer Philip, Duke of Austria to Castile, Spain.
Composers Top, Composers  
Composers born 1701-1792  
Index Alphabetical Index  
15 August 1506: Died at Valladolid, Spain.

Links

Walter Frye (fl. ca. 1450-1475)

1456/7: An individual named Walter Frye was a member of the London Guild of St. Nicholas, a guild of Parish Clerks. This likely was the composer.

Links

Loyset Compère (ca. 1450-1518)

ca.1445: Born in Hainaut.
1474: In service of Duke of Milan.
1486: He was a court singer for Charles VIII of France.
1494-1495: Travelled with Charles VIII during the unsuccessful French invasion of Italy. During January 1495, he would have been with the French army in Rome.
1500-1503/4: Served as provost, church of St. Pierre, Douai.
16 August 1518: Died in St. Quentin.

Links

Jacob Obrecht (1450/51/57-1505)

1484 September: Appointed master of the choirboys at Cambrai Cathedral.
1485: Appointed succentor at the the collegiate church of St. Donatian, Bruges.
1491/1492: Became Kapellmeister at Antwerp Cathedral.
1497: He was in Bergen op Zoom.
1504: Appointed maestro di cappella, Ferrara.
Composers Top, Composers  
Composers born 1701-1792  
Index Alphabetical Index  
1505: Dies of plague. (Ferrara)
Links

Pierre de la Rue (ca. 1452-1518)

ca. 1452: Born possibly at Tournai.
1516: Settled in Kortrijk, a city 57.48 km west of Brussels.
1518: Died in Kortrijk.

Links

Jean Mouton (ca. 1459-1522)

1477: He became a singer and a teacher of religion in Nesle at the collegiate church of Notre-Dame.
1501: Became director of music in the collegiate church of St André in Grenoble.
1514: Became a chapel singer to Louis XII and then François I.
1515: Missarum liber primus.

Links

Paul Hofhaimer (1459-1537)

1478: Entered the court of Duke Sigmund of Tyrol.
1480: Appointed organist at Innsbruck.
Composers Top, Composers  
Composers born 1701-1792  
Index Alphabetical Index  
1486: Attended Maximilian I's coronation (as King of the Germans) in Frankfurt.
1489: Became organist for Emperor Maximilian I.
1502-1506: Living at Passau.
1507/8-1518: Settled in Augsburg.
1515: The Emperor Maximilian and/or the Polish King, Sigismund I, the Elder, knighted Hofhaimer with the Order of the Golden Spur and made him a nobleman. He then could call himself obrister Organist ["colonel organist" or "first organist"].
1519: Hofhaimer became organist at Salzburg cathedral under the direction of Archbishop Cardinal Matthäus Lang. He stayed there until his death.

Links

Antoine Brumel (1460-after 1520)

1483: Appointed to a singing position at Notre Dame, Chartres.
1486-1492: Master of the Innocents, St Pierre, Geneva.
1498: Became master of the boys at Notre Dame, Paris.
1506: Appointed maestro di cappella, Ferrara.
1516: his most famous work, Missa de beata virgine, was published in Antico, Andrea's Liber quindecim missarum, which contained other masses by several composers, including Josquin, Févin, and Mouton.

Links

Robert Fayrfax [Fairfax] (1464-1521)

ca.1497: Gentleman of the Chapel Royal.
1501: Received a Bachelor of Music from Cambridge University.
1504: Received a Doctor of Music from Cambridge University.
1511: Received Doctor of Music from Oxford, possibly the earliest recorded music doctorate offered by the University.
1514: appointed a Knight of the King's Alms of Windsor.

Links

Composers Top, Composers  
Composers born 1701-1792  
Index Alphabetical Index  

Richard Davy (ca.1465-ca. 1507)

ca. 1483: Became a student at Magdalen College, Oxford.
1490-91: Davy was an organist and choir master at Magdalen college, positions he shared with William Bernard.
1494: Possibly he, or another Richard Davy, became a vicar-choral at Exeter Cathedral.
1497-ca. 1507: The same Richard Davy at Exeter Cathedral became a priest.

Richard Davy (c.1465-c.1507) [Chris Whent, "Here of a Sunday Morning"]

William Cornysh (ca. 1465-1523)

1495 or earlier: Gentlemen of the Chapel Royal.
1504: He was imprisoned in the Fleet.
1509: Became Master of the Children of the Chapel Royal.
1520: Participated in the famous ceremonies at the Field of the Cloth of Gold as supervisor of members of the Chapel Royal.

Links

Pedro de Escobar (ca. 1465-1535)

Portugese composer.
1489-1499: Singer in chapel choir at court of Isabella I of Spain.
1507-1514: Maestro di cappella, Seville Cathedral.

Links

Juan del Enzina (1468-1529/30)

1469: Born in Salamanca (Spain).
1492 or 1495: Entered service of the Duke of Alba.
January 11 1513: Encina's play, Placida y Vitoriano, was performed at the house of a Valician Cardinal, Rome.
Composers Top, Composers  
Composers born 1701-1792  
Index Alphabetical Index  
1519: Encina was finally ordained after serving numerous cathedrals in Europe. He then traveled to the "Holy Land" so the first mass he performed would be in Jerusalem.
1529: Died in León (Spain).

Links

Marchetto Cara (ca. 1470-?1525)

1494 (or earlier): In the service of the Court of Mantua.

Marco Cara (? - after 1525) [Chris Whent, "Here of a Sunday Morning"]

Francisco de Peñalosa (ca. 1470-1528)

11 May 1498: Appointed to Aragonese royal chapel.
1516: He left the Spanish court and returned to the Seville Cathedral where he assumed administrative duties for a short period of time before becoming a member of the papal choir in 1517.
1517: Served as a member of the papal choir (Rome).
1521: He returned to Seville where he remained until his death.

Links

Bartolomeo Tromboncino (ca. 1470-ca. 1535)

1487-1495: Was in the service of the Mantuan court.
1499: Murdered his wife Antonia and her lover. He suffered no consequences, possibly due to his talent.
1501: Fled from Mantua.
1502: At the wedding of Lucrezia Borgia and Alfonso I d'Este, he sang in a performance of intermedi of two comedies Asinaria and Casina by Plautus. 1505-1513: Employed by Lucrezia Borgia, Ferrara.

Links

Composers Top, Composers  
Composers born 1701-1792  
Index Alphabetical Index  

Philippe Verdelot (1470/80-before 1552)

1522-1527 or earlier: Maestro di cappella at the baptistry of S Maria del Fiore, Florence.
1523-1527: Maestro di cappella at Florence Cathedral.
4 December 1523-16 January 1524: Visited Rome as part group of three musicians who travelled with Giulio de’ Medici, who had been elected Pope (Clement VII).
1530/35: Del primo libro de madrigali...(?Venice: ?Ottaviano Scoto).

Links

Clément Janequin (ca. 1485-1558)

1523: Janequin entered the service of Jean de Foix, Bishop of Bordeaux.
1534-1537: Maître de chapelle, Angers Cathedral.
1549: Settled in Paris permanently, initially as student at the university, then as chapelain and musician for the Duke de Guise. He later became chantre ordinaire du roi and later compositeur ordinaire du roi.

Links

Hugh Aston (ca. 1485-1558)

1510: Received a Bachelor of Music from Oxford University.
1525-1548: Served as magister choristarum (master of the choristers) at St. Mary Newarke Hospital and College, Leicester.
1548: On the dissolution of the monastery, he was granted an annual pension until his death.
November 1558: Died at Leicester.

Hugh Aston (?-?) [Chris Whent, "Here of a Sunday Morning"]

Ludwig Senfl (ca. 1486-1542/43)

1546: Entered the Hofkapelle of Emperor Maximilian I as a choir boy, probably initially in Augsburg, and then in Vienna.
1500-1504: Probably in Vienna, studying for the Priesthood.
1504 or earlier-1512 or later: Member of the Hofkapelle of Emperor Maximilian I. Served as assistant to Isaac, who was court composer.
1504: Was in Zürich for a short time.
1507-1508/09: In Konstanz with the Hofkapelle.
1513: Court composer, Vienna.
Composers Top, Composers  
Composers born 1701-1792  
Index Alphabetical Index  
1521-1523: Travelled extensively.
1523 or earlier: Received appointment in the Hofkapelle of Duke Wilhelm IV of Bavaria, at Munich. In a letter of 1523, Senfl refers to himself as Komponist

Links

Constanzo Festa (ca. 1490-1545)

1510-1517: In the service of the d'Avalos family, Ischia, in the bay of Naples.
1517: Entered the Papal Choir.
10 April 1545: Died in Rome.
1596: Te Deum was first published.

Links

John Taverner (ca. 1490-1545)

1514: Admitted into the fraternity of St. Nicholas (a guild of London parish clerks).
1524: Appointed Master of Choristers of the Collegiate Church at Tatershall.
1526: Cardinal College in Oxford was officially opened. Taverner was appointed the first instructor of choristers.
1528: Imprisoned for heresy.
1530: Left Cardinal College and became a lay clerk at the parish of St. Botolph in Boston (Lincs).
1534: Left St. Botolph.
1537: Taverner became an elected member of the Guild of Corpus Christi in Boston (Lincs), and retired from full-time employment in church music.
1538: Entrusted with the demolition and burning of the rood screen from St. Botolph, Boston (Lincs).
1541: Served as one of two treasurers of the Guild of Corpus Christi.
1545: Selected as one of 12 aldermen in Boston (Lincs).

Links

Composers Top, Composers  
Composers born 1701-1792  
Index Alphabetical Index  

Claudin de Sermisy (ca. 1490-1562)

1508: Sermisy possibly was a choirboy at the palace chapel of the French Court, the Sainte Chapelle, Paris, and in the late fall of the same year he left the choir.
1533: Became sous-maître of the Sainte Chapelle. 1543-1545 he shared the position with Jean-Loys Hérault and 1547-1553 with Guillaume Belin and Hilaire Rousseau.

Links

Adrian Willaert (ca. 1490-1562)

ca. 1490: Born in Bruges or Roulaers.
1515: In Italy, in service of Cardinal Ippolito d'Este.
1527: Became maestro di cappella, San Marco, Venice.
1536: Liber quinque missarum (Venice: Francesco Marcolini da Forlí), a collection of five masses, Willaert's first publication, .
1539: First publication of motets.
1542: Visited Flanders.
1542: Hymnorum musica secundum ordinem romanae ecclesiae (Venice), containing 24 hymns.
1559: Musica nova [contains music composed before 1550].
1562 (early December ): Died in Venice

Links

Nicolas Gombert (ca. 1495-ca. 1560)

1526: Appointed singer in the chapel of Emperor Charles V.
1529: Appointed maître des enfants in the chapel of Emperor Charles V.
1539: Musica quatuor vocum (vulgo motecta nuncupatur), lyris maioribus, ac tibijs imparibus accomodata. liber primus (Venice: Girolamo Scotto).
1539: Musica...(vulgo motecta quinque vocum nuncupata) in qua facile comperies quantum in hac arte, inventione alijs omnibus praevaleat. liber primus (Venice: Girolamo Scotto).
1541: Motectorum...liber secundus, quatuor vocum (Venice: Girolamo Scotto).
1541: Motectorum quinque vocum...liber secundus (Venice: Girolamo Scotto).

Links

Composers Top, Composers  
Composers born 1701-1792  
Index Alphabetical Index  

Johann Walter (1496-1570)

1521-1526: Bass singer in the Hofkapelle of the Elector of Saxony, Friedrich III ("Frederick the Wise").
1524: Geystliches gesangk Buchleyn.
1526: Settled in Torgau to be Kantor of the school.
1542: Composed 26 "fugae" in all eight Psalm tones, for three instruments, cornets among them. The MS source, Leipzig, Universitätsbibliothek der Karl-Marx-Universität, Thomaskirche 50, is dated 1542.
1548: Director of the Dresden Kapelle in the Saxon court.
1557: Magnificat octo tonorum.

Links

Cristóbal de Morales (ca.1500–1553)

ca. 1500: Born in Seville.
1526: Became maestro de capilla of Avila Cathedral.
1535: Joined the Papal Choir.
1540: He received a long leave of absence from the Papal Choir, when he visited Spain.
1545: Appointed maestro de capilla, Toledo Cathedral (until 1547).
1551: Appointed maestro de capilla, Málaga, where he stayed until his death.
1553: Applied for the maestro de capilla position at Toledo Cathedral.
1553 (September/October): Died in Malaga.

Links

Luis [de] Milán (ca. 1500-ca. 1561 or later)

1536: Libro de musica de vihuela de mano intitulado El maestro (Valencia).
1561: El Cortesano (Valencia).

Links

Jacques Arcadelt (1505?-1568)

1539: Il primo libro di madrigali (a4) (Venice).
1539: Il secundo libro di madrigali (a4) (Venice: Scotto).
1539: May have been master of the boys at St Peters, Rome.
1540-1551: Member of the Cappella Sistina.
Composers Top, Composers  
Composers born 1701-1792  
Index Alphabetical Index  
1551: Returned to France.
ca. 1552-1558: In the service of the Cardinal of Lorraine, brother of the Duc de Guise.

Links

Christopher Tye (ca. 1505-?1572)

1536: Earned Bachelor of Music at Cambridge University.
1541/43: Appointed to the position of Magister choristarum, Ely Cathedral.
1545: Received Doctorate of Music from Cambridge University.
1553: Published his English metrical translation of The Actes of the Apostles.
1560: Became a Deacon, then a Priest at Ely Cathedral.
1561: Resigned position at Ely Cathedral.

Links

Thomas Tallis (ca. 1505–1585)

1532: Tallis received his job as an organist at Dover Priory (a monastery).
1537-38: He left Dover Priory and is employed (as either a singer or organist) at the Parish Church of St. Mary-at-Hill in Billingstate (London).
1538-1540: Served as choir master, Lady Chapel, Walthem Abbey, Essex. (The abbey was dissolved, 23 March 1540, the last monastic institution to be closed by Henry VIII.)
1541-1542: Lay clerk, as a singer in the cathedral choir, Canterbury Cathedral.
1543: Joined the Chapel Royal.
1560: The Lamentations of Jeremiah.
1575: Elizabeth I gave William Byrd and Tallis the patent for exclusive rights to the printing of all music and msic paper in England, effective for twenth-one years.
Composers Top, Composers  
Composers born 1701-1792  
Index Alphabetical Index  
1575: Tallis and William Byrd, Cantiones...Sacrae….
November 1585: Died in Greenwich.

Links

Alonso Mudarra (ca.1508-1580)

1546: Became canon of Seville Cathedral.
1546: Tres libros de Música en cifras para vihuela (Seville).
1568: Became major-domo of Seville Cathedral.

Links

Clemens non Papa (Jacob Clement) (ca. 1510-1555/56)

March 1544-June 1545: Employed at Bruges Cathedral.
1545: Clemens moved to Antwerp; there he worked with the printer Susato.
1555-80: Pierre Phalèse (i) and Pierre Phalèse (ii) at Leuven published ten masses by Clemens non Papa, for four (4), five (5), and six (1) voices.
1556-57: Tylmann Susato at Antwerp may have published music by Clemens non Papa, including several motets, as well as four volumes of Souterliedekens, which are psalms set to common Netherland melodies, but this is doubtful.

Links

Pierre de Manchicourt (ca. 1510-1564)

1525: Choirboy at Arras Cathedral.
1539: Became the director of the choir at Tours Cathedral.
Composers Top, Composers  
Composers born 1701-1792  
Index Alphabetical Index  
1556: Made a canon of Arras Cathedral.
1557: Held a position at Notre Dame, Antwerp.
1559/61: Became master of the Flemish choir of Philip II in Madrid; possibly also master of the Spanish Chapel.

Links

Antonio de Cabezón (1510-1566)

1526: Appointed organist to the court of Charles V and Empress Isabella.
1548-1551: Employed as Prince Philip’s music teacher, he accompanied him on his travels to the Netherlands, Italy and Germany.
1554: Accompanied Prince Philip to London, England.
1578: His son Hernando published most of his works in Obraa de musica para telca, arpa y vihuela (Madrid, 1578).

Links

Diego Ortiz (ca. 1510-ca. 1570)

1553: Trattado de glosas sobre clausulas y otros generos de puntos en la musica de violones (Rome).
1558: Became maestro de capilla of the vice regal chapel of of the Duke of Alba, Naples.
1565: Published Musices liber primus hymnos, Magnificas, Salves, motecta, psalmos (Venice).

Diego Ortiz (c.1525 - 1570) [Chris Whent, "Here of a Sunday Morning"]

John Sheppard (ca. 1515-1559)

1542/43: Became Informator choristarum at Magdalen College, Oxford.
Composers Top, Composers  
Composers born 1701-1792  
Index Alphabetical Index  
By 1552: Sheppard was a Gentleman of the Chapel Royal.

John Sheppard (c.1520-c.1560) [Chris Whent, "Here of a Sunday Morning"]

Cypriano de Rore (1515/16-1565)

1542: I madrigali (second, enlarged edition, 1544: Il primo libro di madrigali cromatici a cinque voci...).
1547: Appointed maestro di cappella at Ferrara.
1563: Appointed maestro di cappella of San Marco, Venice.
1566: Il quinto libro di madrigali a cinque voci... (Venetia: Appresso Li Figliuoli di Antonio Gardano).

Links

Gioseffo Zarlino (1517–1590)

ca. 1523–1530: Early education with the Francisicans.
1532, 14 April: Received the first tonsure (religious promotion).
1536: Worked as a singer at Chioggia Cathedral.
1537, 3 April: Received minor orders.
1536: Singer at Chioggia Cathedral.
1539, 22 April: Appointed Deacon.
1539-1540: Organist at Chioggia Cathedral.
1540 or earlier: Ordained.
1541: Trained with Willaert in Venice.
1558: Le istitutioni harmoniche.
1565: Appointed maestro di cappela of San Marco, Venice (on death of C. de Rore).
1565: Became a chaplain of San Severo.
Composers Top, Composers  
Composers born 1701-1792  
Index Alphabetical Index  
1571: Dimostrationi harmoniche (Venice).
1583: Appointed a canon of of the chapter of Chioggia Cathedral.
1588: Sopplimenti musicali (Venice), Zarlino's last treatise.

Links

Philippe de Monte (1521–1603)

1541: Became instructor of music at the Pinelli household in Naples.
1548-1556: Was a singer at Cambrai Cathedral, though with frequent absences.
1554: Madrigali...libro primo (Rome).
1554: He moved to Antwerp.
1554-5: Member of the chapel of Philip II of Spain, in England.
1555: Became a member of the chapel of Philip II of Spain.
1568: Appointed Kapellmeister at the Habsburg court in Vienna.
1572: Monte was appointed treasurer of Notre Dame Cathedral, Cambrai, although he continued to serve at the court of Maximilian II.
1579: "Benedicta".

Philippe [Filippo di, Philippus de] de Monte (1521 - 1603) [Chris Whent, "Here of a Sunday Morning"]

Girolamo Cavazzoni (ca. 1525-after 1577)

1565 or earlier: Became Organist at S. Barbara in Mantua.
1542/43: Intavolatura cioe recercari, canzoni, himni, magnificati...libro primo (Venice).

Links

Composers Top, Composers  
Composers born 1701-1792  
Index Alphabetical Index  

Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina (ca. 1525–1594)

1537: First trained in music as choirboy at Santa Maria Maggiore.
1544: Became organist and singer in Palestrina.
1551: Appointed Maestro of the Chapel Giulia, St. Peter's, Rome. (The Chapel Giulia was the musical establishment of St. Peter's.)
1554: First Masses published.
1555: Madrigali, libro primo (Rome).
1555: Julius III appointed Palestrina to the Pontificial Choir, Cappella Sistina.
1555: Maestro di cappella, church of St. John Lateran, Rome.
1556: Appointed director of music at villa of Cardinal Ippolito.
1560/1567/1569: Missarum liber secundus (Rome).
1561: Palestrina appointed maestro di cappela of S. Maria Maggiore, Rome.
1570: Missarum liber tertius (Romae).
1571: Reappointed maestro of the Chapella Giulia, St. Peter's, replacing Animuccia, where he remained until his death.
1572: Mottettorum liber secundus, 5, 6, 8 voices (Venice).
1575: Motettorum liber tertius, 5, 6, 8 voices (Venice).
1584: Motettorum liber quartus.
1584: Motettorum liber quartus ex Canticis canticorum (the Songs of Solomon) (Rome).
1586: Madrigali, libro secondo (Venice).
1589: Hymni totius anni secundum Sanctae Romanae Ecclesiae consuetudinem, necnon hymni religionum, 4 voices (Rome).
1592: He was honoured by the dedication to him of a collection of Vesper Psalms by a group of North Italian musicians, edited by G.M. Asola. The composers included Asola, Baccusi, Croce, Gastoldi, Pietro Ponzio, Constanzo Porta.
1593: Offertoria totius anni secundum Sanctae Romanae Ecclesiae consuetudinem, 5 voices (Rome).

Links

Francisco Guerrero (1528-1599)

October 1528: Born in Seville.
1542: Member of Seville Cathedral choir.
1546-1549: Maestro de capilla at Jaén Cathedral.
1549: Became cantor at Seville Cathedral.
1566: Published the five-part motet, "Ave virgo sanctissima". 1584: Liber vesperarum (Rome).
1588: Went to the Holy Land (visiting Zante, Jaffa, Jerusalem, Bethlehem and Damascus). Apparently, he wished to perform his sacred music where Christianity had been born. He kept a diary entitled El Vaije de Jerusalem (original published 1590) which later was printed in over ten editions between 1600 and 1700.
1589: Canciones y villanescas espirituales (Venice).
8 November 1599: Died in Seville.

Links

Costanzo Porta (ca. 1529-1601)

1552: Became maestro di cappela of Osimo Cathedral.
1565: Appointed maestro di cappela of Cappella S. Antonio ("Il Santo"), Padua.
1565: Composed Missa Ducalis for the Pentecostal celebrations of the Franciscan General Chapter, Florence. There met the Duke, Cosimo I de' Medici.
1566: Musica introitus missarum...in solemnitatibus omnium sanctorum.
1567: Giulio della Rovere, Archbishop of Ravenna, appointed Porta maestro di cappela of Ravenna Cathedral.
1575: Giulio della Rovere appointed Porta maestro di cappela of Loreto Cathedral, Santa Casa.
Composers Top, Composers  
Composers born 1701-1792  
Index Alphabetical Index  
1578: Missarum liber primus (Venetijs: Apud Angelum Gardanum).
1580: Liber quinquaginta duorum motectorum... (Venetiis: Apud Angelum Gardanum), a collection of 52 motets, dedicated to the governor of Loreto.
30 June 1580: Porta returned to Ravenna.
1589: Appointed maestro di cappela of Padua Cathedral.
1595: Again appointed maestro di cappela of Cappella S. Antonio, Padua.
19 May 1601: Died in Padua.
1602: Hymnodia sacra totius per anni circulum, a collection of 44 hymns.

Links

Claude Le Jeune (1530-1600)

1564: Dix pseaumes de David...en forme de motets avec un dialogue (Paris).
1585: Composed Quelle eau a very chromatic piece based on his idea of the Greek chromatic tetrachord (a descending minor third followed by two minor seconds).
1608: Airs à III. IIII. V. et VI. parties (Paris: Pierre Ballard), including some items reissued from publications of his works of 1594 and 1603.
1612: Pierre Ballard published Second liure des Meslanges à 4-10 (Paris), a collection of various vocal pieces in Italian and 2 instrumental fantasias.

Links

Orlande de Lassus (ca. 1530/32–1594)

1544: During the summer of 1544 Lassus entered the service of Ferrante Gonzaga, who was then in the Netherlands.
1549: Early in this year he moved to Naples and was working for Constantino Castrioto. In Naples he lived in the household of G.B. d'Azzia della Terzaearly.
1549: While in Naples, hge may have composed the Villanescas printed in Antwerp in 1555.
1553: Appointed maestro di cappella at San Giovanni, Laterano.
1555: Il primo libro di madrigali (Venice).
1556: Received position at Chapel of Duke Albrecht V, Munich.
1557: Secondo libro delle muse, madrigali...con una canzone del Petrarca(Rome).
1558: Married Regina Wäckinger.
1562: Sacrae cantiones (Nuremberg).
1563: Il terzo libro di madrigali (Rome).
1563/67: Appointed maestro di capella of the ducal court chapel, Munich.
1565: Sacrae lectiones novem ex propheta Iob, in officiis defunctorum cantari solitae (Venice).
1567: Libro quarto de madrigali a cinque voci, da lui nouamente in Germania composti...(Venetia: Appresso di Antonio Gardano).
1571: "Si bona suscepimus", five-voice motet.
Composers Top, Composers  
Composers born 1701-1792  
Index Alphabetical Index  
1595: Published Lagrime di San Pietro...con un mottetto nel fine, a cycle of sacred madrigals.
1600: Prophetiae Sibyllarum...chromatico more singulari confectae (Munich).

Links

Andrea Gabrieli (ca. 1532?-1585)

1554: First publicationj of madrigals.
1565: Sacrae cantiones (vulgo motecta appellatae) ... liber Primus, a 5 voices (Venezia: Antonio Gardano).
1574: "Ecco Vinegia bella" written for the arrival of King Henry III of France.
1574: Il primo libro de madrigali a sei voci.
1566: Appointed organist at San Marco, Venice.
1566: Il primo libro di madrigali a cinque voci, Venezia: Antonio Gardano [First book of madrigals for 5 voices].
1570: Il secondo libro de madrigali a cinque voci, insieme doi a sei et uno dialogo a otto, Venezia: Antonio Gardano.
1575: Libro primo di madrigali a tre voci, Venezia: Antonio Gardano.
1580: Il secondo libro de madrigali a sei voci.
1585: Composes music for the performance of Sophocles' Oedipus tyrannus at the theatre of the Accademica Olimpica, Venice. Andrea Palladio designed the newly completed theatre.
1589: Il terzo libro di madrigali a cinque voci, con alcuni di Giovanni Gabrieli, Venezia: Angelo Gardano [Third book of madrigals for 5 voices].

Andrea Gabrieli, [Andrea di Cannaregio] (1510-1586) [Chris Whent, "Here of a Sunday Morning"]

Claudio Merulo (1533-1604)

8 April 1533: Born in Correggio.
1556: Appointed organist at the Brescia Cathedral.
1557: Replaced Girolama Parabosco at San Marco, Venice.
Composers Top, Composers  
Composers born 1701-1792  
Index Alphabetical Index  
1586: Became organist for the court of Ranuccio Farnese, Duke of Parma.
4 May 1604: Died in Parma.

Links

Alessandro Striggio (ca. 1535-1592)

1559: Obtained position at the court of Cosimo I de’ Medici, Duke of Florence.
1560s: Established as composer at the Medici court of Florence.
1567: Published Il cicalamento delle donne al bucato (Venice), a book of chansons in the style of Janequin.
29 February 1592: Died in Mantua.

Links

Giaches de Wert (1535-1596)

1563: Appointed maestro di cappela at the court of the Spanish Governor, Milan.
1565: Appointed maestro di cappela of S. Barbara (Ducal Chapel), Mantua.

Giaches de Wert (1535 - 1596) [Chris Whent, "Here of a Sunday Morning"]

William Byrd (1539/40 or 43-1623)

Born in London. Possibly trained at the Chapel Royal.
1562: Sermone blando, BE 17/23.
1563: Became Organist and Master of Choristers at Lincoln Cathedral.
14 September 1568: Married Julian Birley at St. Margaret's Church, Lincoln.
1572: Was sworn in as a Gentleman of the Chapel Royal.
Composers Top, Composers  
Composers born 1701-1792  
Index Alphabetical Index  
1575: Elizabeth I gave Byrd and Thomas Tallis the patent for exclusive rights to the printing of all music and msic paper in England, effective for twenth-one years.
1575: Thomas Tallis and Byrd, Cantiones...sacrae....
1577: Employed by Lord Thomas Paget, a Catholic, at Harlington, Middlesex.
1588: Psalms, Sonnets and Songs, London.
1589: Liber primus sacrarum cantionum [Cantiones sacrae] (London).
1589: Songs of Sundrie Natures.
1591: Liber secundus sacrarum cantionum [Cantiones sacrae], London.
1591: One of the most important collections of Byrd's keyboard music, My Ladye Nevells Booke, was completed 11 September. The manuscript was copied by John Baldwin, who copied several other important music manuscripts. At the time, Baldwin was a lay-clerk of St. George's Chapel, Winsor Castle, close to Byrd's residence in Harlington.
ca. 1594: Resigned from the Chapel Royal and moved to the estate of his patron, Sir John Petre, a Catholic, in Stondon Massey, Essex. Much of Byrd's Latin church music, including his three masses, was composed for Petre.
1605: Gradualia: ac cantiones sacrae...(Londini: Excudebat Thomas Este) [Gradualia I].
1607: Gradualia: seu cantionum sacrarum...Liber secundus...(Londini: Excudebat Thomas Este...ex assignatione Gulielmi Barley) [Gradualia II].
1611: Psalmes, Songs and Sonnets, London.
1612–13: Byrd, John Bull, and Orlando Gibbons, Parthenia or the Maydenhead of the first musicke that euer was printed for the Virginalls.
4 July 1623: Died in Stondon Massey, Essex.

Links

Giulio Caccini (ca. 1545–1618)

1564: Went to Florence and found employement as a singer & lutenist at the court of the Grand Duke of Tuscany.
1579: Performed at a tournament celebrating the wedding of Duke Francesco I de Medici and Bianca Cappello.
1600: (with Peri and Rinuccini) Euridice, Florence, for marriage of Henry IV of France and Maria de' Medici.
1600: Il Rapimento di Cefalo.
1602: Le nuove musiche, Florence [dated 1601].
1604: Travelled to Paris to visit the court of Henry IV and his queen, Maria de' Medici.
1609: Sigismondo d'India reports in the preface of his Musiche... that his songs were performed at Caccini's house during rehersals for celebrations in 1608.

Links

Tomas Luis de Victoria (1548–1611)

1548: Born in Avila, Spain.
1565: After voice broke, travelled to Rome to enter the Collegio Germanico to begin studies for the clergy.
1561: Became an instructor of plainsong at the Collegio Germanico.
1569: Appointed cantor and organist at S. Maria di Monserrato, Rome. Remains there until 1573 or later.
ca. 1571: Possibly studied with Palestrina.
1572: Motecta...(Venice), a collection of 33 motets, including the well-known "O magnum mysterium" and "O vos omnes".
28 August 1575: Ordained a priest. Served briefly as maestro di capella at Collegio Germanico.
1578: Appointed chaplain at San Girolamo della Carità.
1583: Published Missarum libri duo quæ partim quarternis, pertim quinis, partim senis, concinuntur vocibus...(Romæ: Typographica Dominici Basæ), collection of Masses, including the parody mass O quam gloriosum.
Composers Top, Composers  
Composers born 1701-1792  
Index Alphabetical Index  
1585: Officium Hebdomadae Sanctae.
1585: Collection of motets includes two motets by Francisco Guerrero.
1587: Appointed chaplain to the Dowager Empres Maria, Madrid, and maestro di capella at the convent of Sancta Clara.
1603: Resigned as maestro di capella, but remains organist, at Sancta Clara.
1605: Officium defunctorum. 20 August 1611: Died, buried in Sancta Clara.

Links

Emilio de' Cavalieri (ca. 1550–1602)

1578: Served as organist of the Oratorio del Santissimo Crocifisso in Rome.
1588: Went to Florence where he was Inspector General of Arts and Artists at the Tuscan Court.
1600: Rappresentatione di Anima et di Corpo (Rome).


Orazio Vecchi (1550–1605)

1586: Appointed canon, Corregio Cathedral.
1593: He returned to his birthplace in Modena, Italy and was appointed maestro di cappella at the Cathedral.
1594: L’Amfiparnaso, first performance.
1594: L’Amfiparnaso, comedia harmonica published (Venice).
1598: Appointed maestro di corte at the court of Duke Cesare d’Este, Modena.

Orazio Vecchi (1550 - 1605) [Chris Whent, "Here of a Sunday Morning"]

Luca Marenzio (1553/54–1599)

1574: He entered the service of Cardinal Cristofor Madruzza in Rome.
1577: Giovanni Battista Mosto, Il primo fiore della Ghirlanda Musicale (Venice) included music by Marenzio.
1578-1586: Was in the service of Cardinal Luigi d'Este, Rome.
1580: Il primo libro de madrigali (Venice).
Composers Top, Composers  
Composers born 1701-1792  
Index Alphabetical Index  
1588-1589: Was in the service of the Medici, Florence. There composed music for sections of the intermedi of Girolamo Bargagli, La pellegrina, part of the wedding celebrations of Ferdinando I and Christine of Lorraine, 1589.
1588: Madrigali a quattro, cinque e sei...libro primo (Venice).
1595: He was appointed maestro di cappella of the court of the Polish King Sigismund III in Warsaw.
1595: Il Settimo libro de madrigali a cinqve voci (Venice).
1598: Returned to Venice.

Links

Giovanni Gabrieli (ca. 1554/57–1612)

1575: Employed at court of Duke Albrecht V, Munich (where he studied with Lassus).
1579: Returns to Venice after death of Albrecht V.
1585: Appointed organist at the Scuola Grande di San Rocco.
1586: Appointed organist (along with Andrea Gabrieli) at the San Marco, Venice.
1597: Sacrae symphoniae (Venice).
1589: Published six madrigals in Andrea Gabrieli's Third Book of Madrigals.
1612: Dies from a kidney stone.
1615: Symphoniae sacrae...liber secundus.
1615: Canzoni et sonate.

Links

Thomas Morley (1557/58–1603)

1557/58: Born in Norwich.
1583: Became organist and master of the choristers at Norwich Cathedral.
1588: Completed his BMus degree at Oxford.
1591: Appointed organist of St. Paul's Cathedral, London.
1592: Appointed member of the Chapel Royal, London.
1597: Canzonets or Little Short Aers to Five and Sixe Voices (London: Peter Short).
1597: A Plaine and Easie Introduction to Practicall Musicke (London: Peter Short).
1598: Received the monopoly of printed music, a 21 year license to print song books and music paper of all kinds. Until 1596 this licence had been held by William Byrd.
Composers Top, Composers  
Composers born 1701-1792  
Index Alphabetical Index  
1601: The Triumphes of Oriana, compiled by Thomas Morley (London: Thomas Este, the assigne of Thomas Morley), published in honour of Queen Elizabeth, a collection of madrigals by twenty-three composers.
Links

Carlo Gesualdo(1560–1613)

1560: Born in Gesualdo (east of Naples), into a family of nobility.
1586: Married his cousin, Maria d'Avalos, daughter of the Marquis of Pescara, twice-widowed.
1586: Published a collection of instrumental ricercars.
1590: Murdered Maria d'Avalos and her lover, Fabrizio Carafa, the Duke of Andria, after discovering them together, as well as her second child.
1593: Travelled to Ferrara, where he arrived in 1594, to marry Leonora d’Este, niece of Duke Alfonso II. While in Ferrara (until 1596) he was occupied mainly with music. On his journey to Ferrara, 19 December 1593, Gesualdo met Cavalieri in Rome.
1594: First book of five-part Madrigals printed in Ferrara by Vittorio Baldini.
1594: Second book of five-part Madrigals printed in Ferrara by Vittorio Baldini.
1595: Third book of five-part Madrigals printed in Ferrara by Vittorio Baldini.
1596: Fourth book of five-part Madrigals printed in Ferrara by Vittorio Baldini.
1600: Death of his son, Don Emmanuele Alfonsino.
1603: Sacrarum cantionum liber primus (Naples: Vitali).
1603: Sacrae cantionum quarum una Seplem Vocibus, Caetere sex vocibus; Liber Primus (Naples: Vitali).
1603: Sacrae cantionum quinque vocibus; Liber Primus (Naples: Vitali).
1611: Responsoria et alia ad Officium Hebdomadae Sanctae Spectantia (Naples: Carlino).
1613: ...Sei libri de'madrigali a cinqve voci...(Genoa).
8 September 1613: Died in Gesualdo; buried in Gesù Nuovo church, Naples.

Links

Composers Top, Composers  
Composers born 1701-1792  
Index Alphabetical Index  

Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck (1562–1621)

(May possibly) 1562: Born in Deventer, the Netherlands.
1580 or earlier: He was appointed organist of the Oude Kerk, Amsterdam, with the salary of 100 florins. (The church documents from 1577-1580 are lost.)
1604: Premier livre des pseaumes de David, mis en musique...seconde edition.
1613: Livre second des pseaumes de David, nouvellement mis en musique (Amsterdam).
1614: Livre troisieme des pseaumes de David, nouvellement mis en musique (Amsterdam).
1621: Livre quatriesme et conclusionnal des pseaumes de David, nouvellement (Haarlem).
16 October 1621: Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck died in Amsterdam.

Links

John Bull (1562–1628)

1582: Bull was appointed Organist at Hereford Cathedral.
1583: Appointed Master of the (Choristers) Children at Hereford Cathedral, where he succeeded the organist Thomas Mason.
1586: Graduated from Oxford with a Mus.B.
1586: Sworn in as a gentleman of the chapel Royal.
1589: He received his doctorate in Music from Cambridge.
6 March 1597: Appointed first Public Reader in Music at Gresham College.
1601: Bull went abroad, possibly for health reasons.
1612–13: William Byrd, Bull, and Orlando Gibbons, Parthenia, with seven pieces by Bull.
1613: Charged with adultery and left England.
1617: Appointed organist at Antwerp Cathedral.

Links

John Dowland (1563–1626)

ca. 1579: In service of Sir Henry Cobham, English Ambassador to France. Was still in Paris in 1584. While in Paris converted to Roman Catholicism.
8 July 1588: Received his Bachelor of Music at Oxford.
1592: Entertainment at Sudeley Castle for Elizabeth I, included one song by Dowland, "My heart and tongue were twins". Dowland played lute at the Entertainment.
1594: Went to Germany where he was employed by the Duke of Braunschweig at Wolfenbüttel.
1597: The First Booke of Songes or Ayres...(London: Peter Short; corrected editions 1600, 1603, 1606, 1613).
1598: Hired as lutenist for King Christian IV of Denmark.
Composers Top, Composers  
Composers born 1701-1792  
Index Alphabetical Index  
1600: The Second Booke of Songs or Ayres...(London: Thomas Este, the assigne of Thomas Morley); included the song "Flow my tears", the source for the many "Lachrimæ" pavanes.
1603: The Third and Last Booke of Songs or Aires...(London: P.S. for Thomas Adams).
1604: Lachrimæ...(London: Iohn Windet), dedicated to Queen Anne (sister of Christian IV of Denmark).
1606: Left his position as lutenist for King Christian IV of Denmark and returned to London.
1610: Some of his works included in Robert Dowland, Varietie of Lvte-Lessons...(London).
1610: Some of his works included in Robert Dowland, A Musicall Banquet...(London).
1612: A Pilgrim's Solace...(London: Printed for M.L., J.B., and T.S., by the Assignment of William Barley). The book is dedicated to Lord Walden (Theophilus Howard) where he is described as lutenist of Theophilus, Lord Howard de Walden.
1612: Briefly entered the service of William Cavendish.
28 October 1612: Appointed lutenist in The King's Music.
20 February 1626: Buried at St. Ann Blackfriars. His son Robert Dowland assumed his court position.

Links

Claudio Monteverdi (1567–1643)

1630... Monteverdi, 1630...
15 May 1567: baptized in SS Nazaro e Celso, Cremona.
1582: Sacrae cantiunculae tribus vocibus...Liber primus, 3 voices (Venice).
1583: Madrigali spirituali a quattro voci (Brescia).
1587: Madrigali, libro primo (Venice), dedicated to Count Marco Verità.
1590: Il secondo libro de madrigali (Venice), dedicated to Giacomo Ricardi.
1590: Employed at court of Duke Vincenzo I, Mantua.
1592: Il terzo libro de madrigali (Venice).
June-November 1595: Went, as head of the musicians, with Duke Vincenzo Gonzaga to Hungary on the expedition against the Turks.
1597: Six of his madrigals were printed in Fiori del giardino (Nuremberg).
1599: Married the court singer Claudia de Cattaneis.
1600–1: First son born, Francesco (Baldassare) (bapt. 27 Aug.).
1601: Appointed maestro di cappella, Mantua.
1603: Giovanni Maria Artusi published his second attack on Monteverdi's madrigals and against the theorist Ercole Bottrigari, Seconda parte dell'Artusi, overo Delle imperfettioni della moderna musica (Venice).
1604: Second son born, Massimiliano (Giacomo) (bapt. 10 May).
1605: Il quinto libro de madrigali (Venice).
1607: Scherzi musicali (Venice).
1607: Orfeo performed in Mantua.
1608: Arianna performed in Mantua.
1610: Sanctissimae Virgini missa senis vocibus ad ecclesiarum choros ac Vespere pluribus decantandae—cum nonnullis sacris concentibus ad sacella sive principum cubicula accommodata..., [Vespers of 1610/Vespero della Beata Vergine] (Venice).
1613: Appointed maestro di cappella, San Marco, Venice.
1614: Il sesto libro de madrigali (Venice).
Composers Top, Composers  
Composers born 1701-1792  
Index Alphabetical Index  
1616: Ballet Tirsi e Clori was performed at the Ducal Palace, Mantua.
1619: Concerto. Settimo libro de madrigali...con altri generi de canti...(Venice) 1619/20: Andromeda, favola in musica (Mantua) [lost].
1623: Lamento d'Ariana...et con due lettere amorose in genere rapresentativo
1624/25: His dialogue Combattimento di Tancredi e Clorinda [poet, Tasso, Gerusalemme liberata, Canto XII] (first performance, in the palace of Gerolamo Mozzenigo, Venice) [published in 8th book of madrigals: Madrigali guerrieri et amorosi con alcun opuscoli..., in genre rappresentativo...]. According to Monteverdi, it was the first use of the style of composition, stile concitato.
1630: Opera: Proserpina rapita, for the wedding of Lorenzo Giustiniani and Giustiniana Mocenigo.
1632: Scherzi musicali cioe arie, et madrigali in stil recitativo, con una ciacona...raccolti da Bartholomeo Magni...(Venice).
1638: Madrigali guerrieri et amorosi con alcuni opuscoli..., in genere rappresentativo...libro ottavo...(Venice).
1640: Selva morale e spirituale (Venice).
1640: Il ritorno d'Ulisse in patria (Venice).
1642: L'Incoronazione di Poppea (Venice).
1650: Messa a quatro voci, et salmi a una...otto voci...concertati, e parte da cappella, et con le letanie della beata vergine... (Venice).
1651: Madrigali e canzonette a due e tre voci, libro nono [Ninth book of madrigals] (Venice), with many previous unpublished works, published after Monteverdi's death.

Links

Adriano Banchieri (1568–1634)

1587: Became a novice of the Olivetan order of Benedictine monks.
1592: At the monastery of SS Bartolomeo e Ponziano, Lucca.
1598: Published La pazzia senile: ragionamenti vaghi, et dilettevoli...libro II... (Venice).
1600-1604: Organist at Santa Maria in Regola di Imola.
1609: Settled at S. Michele, Bosco, where he stayed until the last year of his life.
1609: Conclusioni nel suono dell'organo.
Composers Top, Composers  
Composers born 1701-1792  
Index Alphabetical Index  
1618: Became Abbot at S. Michele.
1634: Retired to S. Bernardo, Bologna, due to illness, and there died.

Links

Salamone Rossi (1570-ca. 1630)

1589: Il primo libro delle canzonette, his first published work.
1606: A ducal decree (of Duke Vincenzo Gonzaga) exempted Rossi from wearing a yellow badge required of Jews in Mantua.
1607: Il primo libro delle sinfonie e gagliarde... .
1608: Il secondo libro delle sinfonie e gagliarde... .
1614: Il Primo libro de madrigali (a 4).
1617: Balletto.
1622: Il Quinto Libro de Madrigali (a 5).
1622-23: Hashirim asher lish'lomo (Venice).
1628: Madrigaletti (a 2).

Links

Michael Prætorius (ca. 1571-1621)

1607: Musarum Sioniar: Motectae et psalmi latini... (Noribergæ: Abrahammus Wagenmannus).
1611: Missodia Sionia continens cantiones sacras... (Wolferbyti: In Officina Typographica Principali Brunsuicensi. Sumtibus Autoris).
1611: Eulogodia Sionia continens cantiones sacras in ecclesia conclusionis loco ad dismissionem usitatas... (Wolferbyti: In Officina Typographica Principali Brunsuicens: Sumtibus Autoris).
1612: Terpsichore, musarum aoniarum quinta.
1613: Urania oder Urano-Chorodia... (Wolffenbüttel: Gedruckt in Fürstlicher Druckerey. In Verlegung des Autoris).
1614-15: Syntagma musicum tomus primus: Musicae artis analecta (Wittenberg and Wolfenbüttel; Vol. II 1618, Vol. III 1618).
Composers Top, Composers  
Composers born 1701-1792  
Index Alphabetical Index  
1618/19: Polyhymnia caduceatrix & panegyrica. Darinnen Solennische Friedt- vnd Frewden-Concert... (Wolffenbüttel: Gedruckt durch Eliam Holwein...In Verlegung des Autoris).
1620: Polyhymnia exercitatrix seu tyrocinium....
1621: Puericinium....

Links

John Wilbye (1574-1638)

1588: Musica Transalpina (London: Nicholas Young), a collection of Italian Madrigals translated into English ("Englished") had much influence on English composers, including Wilbye.
1598 or earlier: In the service of the Kyston family at Henegrave Hall, just outside Bury St. Edmunds. Lady Elizabeth Kyston was a member of the Corwallis family who lived at Brome Hall near Diss and it may have been Wilbye's connections with the Cornwallis family that influenced his move to Henegrave Hall.
1598: Dedicated his first set of madrigals to Sir Charles Cavendish, Bess of Hardwick's third son, and the husband of the oldest Cornwallis girl. Wilbye dedicated his first set of madrigals to Sir z` Cavendish because of his, "excellent skill in music and great love and favor of music."
1598 to 1628: Lived and worked for the Kyson Family at Hengrave Hall for 30 years.
1600: Wilbye and Edward Johnson were involved with the publication of Downland's Second Book of Songs. Johnson also was employed at Hengrave Hall, as early as 1572.
1601: Wilbye's madrigal, "The lady Oriana" was published in The Triumphes of Oriana, compiled by Thomas Morley (London: Thomas Este, the assigne of Thomas Morley).
1609: The Second Set of Madrigales to 3. 4. 5. and 6. parts, apt both for Voyals and Voyces...(London: Tho. Este alias Snodham, for Iohn Browne), dedicated to Lady Arabella Stuart, Sir Charles Cavendish's niece.
ca. 1612: Wilbye's instrumental arrangement of John Dowland's dance, "The Frogge [Galliard]" appeared in "Clement Matchett'sVirginal Book".
1613: Was granted a lease to a highly profitable sheep farm.
1614: Leighton, The Teares of Lamentacions of a Sorrowfull Soule...(London: William Stansby), included two pieces by Wilbye, the anthems "I am quite tired" and "O God, the rocke of my whole strength".
10 September 1638: Wrote his will.
Composers Top, Composers  
Composers born 1701-1792  
Index Alphabetical Index  
1638 (sometime between September and November): Was buried in the west end of Holy Trinity Church, Colchester, where he spent the last ten years of his life living with Lady Kenson's daughter, Countess Rivers.

Links

Alfonso Ferrabosco (ii) (ca. 1575-1628)

ca. 1575: Born in Greenwich.
1592: Queen Elizabeth appointed Ferrabosco musitian for the violles. This was his first professional position.
1604: Appointed teacher to Henry, Prince of Wales.
1604/05: Composed music for Ben Jonson, The Masque of Blackness.
1605/06: Composed music for Ben Jonson, The Masque of Hymen (Hymenaei, or, The Solemnities of Mask and Barriers ).
1607/08: Composed music for Ben Jonson, The Masque of Beauty.
1607/08: Composed music for Ben Jonson, The Masque...at the Lord Haddington's Marriage... (The Hue and Cry after Cupid).
1608/09: Composed music for Ben Jonson, The Masque of Queens.
1626: Appointed Composer of the King's Music.

Links

Thomas Weelkes (1576-1623)

1597: Madrigals to 3. 4. 5. & 6. voyces... (London: Thomas Este).
1598: Balletts and Madrigals to Fiue Voyces with one to 6. voyces: newly published... (London: Thomas Este).
1598: Weelkes appointed organist of Winchester college.
1601: Weelkes contributed the madrigal, "As Vesta was from Latmos hill descending", to The Triumphes of Oriana, compiled by Thomas Morley (London: Thomas Este, the assigne of Thomas Morley).
1603: Weelkes was awarded a Bachelor of Arts degree in music from New College, Oxford.
1603: Married Elizabeth Sandham.
Composers Top, Composers  
Composers born 1701-1792  
Index Alphabetical Index  
1608: Ayeres or Phantasticke Spirites for Three Voices (London: William Barley).
1608: Balletts and Madrigals to Fiue Voyces with one to 6. voyces: newly published... (London: Thomas Este, the assigne of William Barley).
30 November 1623: Died in London.

Links

Orlando Gibbons(1583-1625)

1583, 25 December: Baptised at St. Martin's, Oxford.
1596: Gibbons became chorister at King's College, Cambridge.
1605: Became organist of the Chapel Royal.
1606: Received a Bachelor of Music degree from Cambridge University.
1606: Gibbons married Elizabeth Patton.
1612: The First Set of Madrigals and Mottets of 5. Parts..., London.
1612–13: William Byrd, John Bull, and Gibbons, Parthenia. 1619: Appointed as harpsichordist to the King's privy chamber.
1923: Appointed organist of Westminster Abbey.

Links

Girolamo Frescobaldi (1583-1643)

1604: Organist at Rome's Accademia di Santa Cecilia.
1607–1608: Organist at St. Peter's, Rome.
1608: Madrigali (Antwerp: Phalèse).
1608: Fantasie (Milan).
1615: Recercari, et canzoni franzese fatte sopra diversi oblighi in partitvra (Rome).
1615: Toccate e partite d'intavolatura di cimbalo...libro primo (Rome: Nicolo Borboni).
1624: Il primo libro di capricci fatti sopra diversi soggetti et arie in partitura (Rome).
1627: Il secondo libro di toccate, canzone, versi d'hinni, Magnificat, gagliarde, correnti et altre partite d'intavolatura di cembalo et organo (Rome).
1627: Liber secundus diversarum modulationum singulis, binis, ternis, quaternisque vocibus (Rome: Andrea Fei).
Composers Top, Composers  
Composers born 1701-1792  
Index Alphabetical Index  
1628: Il primo libro delle canzoni ad una, due, tre, e quattro voci, accommodate per sonare ogni sorte de stromenti (Rome: Giovanni Battista Robletti).
1628–1634: At ducal court, Florence.
1630: Primo libro d'arie mvsicali & Secondo libro d'arie mvsicali, Florence.
1634: Organist at St. Peter's, Rome.
1635: Fiori musicali di diverse compositioni Toccate, Kirie, Canzoni, Capricci e Recercari in partitura (Venice).
1645: Canzoni alla francese in partitura…raccolte d’Alessandro Vincenti…libro quarto (Venice: Alessandro Vincenti).

Links

Heinrich Schütz (1585–1672)

1608: Attended the University of Margburg.
1609: Studied with Giovanni Gabrieli in Venice.
1611: Primo libro de madrigali [Op. 1] (Venice) SWV 1-19.
1615: Employed at court of the Elector of Saxony.
1617: Kapellmeister at court of the Elector of Saxony.
1619: Psalmen Davids sampt etlichen Moteten und Concerten [Op. 2] (Dresden) SWV 22-47.
1620: Syncharma musicum (Breslau), SWV 49 [only known copy now lost].
1623: Historia der frölichen und siegreichen Aufferstehung unsers einigen Erlösers und Seligmachers Jesu Christi [Op.3] (Dresden) SWV 50.
1625: Cantiones sacrae [Op. 4] (Freiberg), SWV 53-93.
1625: De vitae fugacitate (Freiberg), SWV 94.
1627: Dafne.
1629: Symphoniae sacrae I [Op. 6] (Venice) SWV 257-276.
1636: Musikalische Exequien [Op.7] (Dresden) SWV 279-281.
1636: Erster Theil kleiner geistlichen Concerten [op.8] (Leipzig) SWV 282-305.
1647: Symphoniae sacrae II, Op. 10 (Dresden) SWV 341-367.
1648: Musicalia ad chorum sacrum, das ist: Geistliche Chor-Music I, Op. 11 (Dresden) SWV 369-397.
1650: Symphoniae sacrae III, Op. 12 (Dresden) SWV 398-418.
1657: Zwölff geistliche Gesänge, Op. 13 (Dresden) SWV420–431.
1657: Canticum B. Simeonis (Dresden) SWV 432-433.
Composers Top, Composers  
Composers born 1701-1792  
Index Alphabetical Index  
1665/66: Historia dess Leidens und Sterbens...Jesu Christi aus dem Evangelisten S Johanno / Historia des Leidens und Sterbens...Jesu Christi nach dem Evangelisten St. Johannem [St. John Passion] SWV 481.
1666: Historia des Leidens und Sterbens...Jesu Christi nach dem Evangelisten St. Lucam [St. Luke Passion] SWV 480.

Links

Johann Schein (1586-1630)

1593-1599: Schein moved to Dresden with his family. There he became a chorister in the Hofkapelle of the Elector of Saxony.
1603-1607: Studied at Schulpforta; an electoral school near Naumburg.
1609: Venus-Kräntzlein...(Wittemberg: In verlegung Thom. Schürers...Gedrückt durch Johan Gorman).
1613: Schein entered the service of Gottfried von Wolffersdorff, at Weissenfels, as music director and tutor of his children.
1615: Became Kapellmeister at the court of Duke Johann Ernst the Younger, Weimar.
1615: Cymbalum Sionium sive Cantiones sacrae... (Lipsiæ [Leipzig]: Sumtibus Abrahami Lambergi).
1616: Married Sidonia Hösel.
1616: Became cantor of the Thomasschule in Leipzig.
1617: Banchetto musicale...(Leipzig).
1618: Opella nova, geistlicher Concerten...auff Italiänische Invention componirt...([Leipzig:] In Verlegung des Autoris. Gedruckt daselbsten bei Lorentz Kober).
1626: Opella nova, Ander Theil, geistlicher Concerten...auff...Italiänische Invention componirt...([Leipzig:] In Verlegung des Autoris... .

Links

Francesca Caccini (1587-ca. 1640)

18 September 1587: Born in Florence.
1605: Francesca Caccini received an offer to work as a salaried court singer for King Henry IV of France, but remained at the Florentine court instead, as her father was employed by Grand Duke Ferdinand of Florence.
15 November 1607: Francesca Caccini married Giovanni Battista Signorini, a singer at the Medici court.
1607-1627: Francesca Caccini worked for the Medici family as a singer, teacher, and composer.
1607: La stiava performed at Pisa.
August 1618: Caccini's Il Primo Libro delle musiche was published in Florence, containing 32 solo songs and four soprano and bass duets.
Composers Top, Composers  
Composers born 1701-1792  
Index Alphabetical Index  
1625: La liberazione di Ruggiero dall'isola d'Alcina, Florence.
1626: Francesca Caccini was commissioned by Prince Wladislaw of Poland to create 2 new operas. He requested that one be about St. Sigismund.

Links

Samuel Scheidt (1587-1654)

1603: Appointed organist at the Moritzkirche, Halle, Saxony.
1609: Appointed court organist to the Margrave of Brandenburg, Christian Wilhelm, in his home town of Halle.
1620: Cantiones sacrae (Hamburg) [SSWV 1-38].
1624: Tabulatura nova continens variationes aliquot psalmorum, fantasiarum, cantilenarum, passamezzo et canones (Hamburg) [SSWV 102-126].
1628: Appointed director musices of the Marktkirche, Halle, the leading church in the city at this time.
1635: Liebliche Krafft-Blümlein aus des Heyligen Geistes Lustgarten abgebrochen und zum Vorschmack des ewigen Lebens im zweystimmichten Himmels-Chor versetzet (Halle) [SSWV 264-276].
1644: LXX Symphonien auff Concerten manir... (Leipzig) [SSWV 371-572].

Links

John Jenkins (1592-1678)

1617: His father, Henry Jenkins, bequeathed John Jenkins a bandora.
1634: Performed viol in the Masque, James Shirley, The Triumph of Peace.
1660: Appointed theorbo player in the King's Musick (King Charles II of England).

Links

Tarquinio Merula (ca. 1594-1665)

Composers Top, Composers  
Composers born 1701-1792  
Index Alphabetical Index  

1616: He signed a three year contract to serve as organist of S. Maria Incoronata, Lodi.
1621: Obtained a post as organist at the court of Sigismund III, King of Poland.
1631: Appointed maestro di capella of S. Maria Maggiore in Bergamo.
1643: Composed his only opera, La Finta Savia, in collaboration with 5 others.

Links

Giovanni Battista Buonamente (1595-1642)

1626: Il quarto libro de varie sonate, sinfonie, gagliarde, corrente, e brandi, per sonar con due violini, & un basso di viola (Venice: Alessandro Vincenti).
1629: Il quinto libro de varie sonate, sinfonie, gagliarde, corrente, e ariette per sonar con due violini, & un basso di viola (Venice: Alessandro Vincenti).
1636: Sonate, et canzoni a due, tre, quattro, cinque et a sei voci.libro sesto.con il suo basso continuo (Venice: Alessandro Vincenti).
1637: Il settimo libro di sonate, sinfonie, gagliarde, corrente, et brandi a tre, due violini, & basso di viola, o da brazzo (Venice: Alessandro Vincenti).

Giovanni Battista Buonamente (late 16th century - 1642) [Chris Whent, "Here of a Sunday Morning"]

Biagio Marini (ca. 1595-1665)

26 April 1615: Appointed as violinist at San Marco, Venice.
1617: Affetti mvsicali…Opera prima (Venice).
1620: Employed as maestro di cappella, S. Eufemia and music director, Accademia degli Erranti, Brescia.
1622: Scherzi, e canzonette a vna, e due voci…, Parma.
1623-1649: Employed intermittently as Kapellmeister at the Wittelsbach Court, Neuberg an die Donau; also travelled extensively.
1624: in Brussels.
1640: in Düsseldorf.
1644-1645: in Düsseldorf.
1655: ...Diuersi generi di sonate, da chiesa, e da camera (Venice).

Links

Henry Lawes (1596-1662)

1626: Became a member of the Chapel Royal.
18 February 1634: Performance of the masque by Thomas Carew, Coelum Britannicum. H. Lawes may have composed the music, but none survives.
Composers Top, Composers  
Composers born 1701-1792  
Index Alphabetical Index  
29 September 1634: Performance of the masque by Milton, Comus at Ludlow Castle. Lawes compopsed the songs, and was involve in the production.
1660: At the Restoration, Lawes was reinstated in his old Court appointments originally lost during the Interregnum, with an extra appointment, Composer in ye Private Musick for Lutes and Voices.

Links

Luigi Rossi (1597/98-1653)

1597/98: Born possibly at Torremaggiore.
1633: Became organist at S. Luigi dei Francesi in Rome.
1635: Luigi Rossi and his wife Costanza de Ponte visited the Medici court, Florence.
1641: Returned to Rome as a musician in the service of Cardinal A. Baberini.
1642: Il palazzo incantato ovvero La guerriera amante, Rome.
1646: Cardinal Mazarin invided Rossi to Paris, where he remained from June 1646 until spring 1647.
1647: Orfeo, Paris.
1653: Died in Rome at the age of 55.

Links

William Lawes (1602-1645)

1602: Baptized at Salisbury Cathedral.
25 March 1635: Lawes became a musician-in-ordinary to King Charles I.
3 February 1634: First performance of The Triumph of Peace (lyrics by James Shirley), a masque that was presented before the King and Queen in the Banqueting House at Whitehall.
1636: Composed a catch and possibly one dialogue (perhaps by his brother, Henry Lawes) for the play "The Royal Slave" (performed at Christ Church, Oxford).
1636: Lawes collaborated with his brother Henry in William Davenant's masque The Triumphs of the Prince d'Amour, performed at the Middle Temple.
Composers Top, Composers  
Composers born 1701-1792  
Index Alphabetical Index  
1645: Killed at the siege of Chester.

Links

Pier Francesco Cavalli (1602-1676)

1617: Became a chorister at San Marco, Venice.
1640: Appointed second organist at San Marco.
1649: Opera Giasone was presented in Venice.
1651: La Calisto.
1654/55: Opera Il Xerse [Serse] (libretto by Nicola Minato) was performed at SS Giovanni e Paolo, Venice.
1660: Cavalli was in Paris, where Xerse was performed at a temporary theatre in the Lovre.
1665: Appointed principal organist at San Marco.
1668: Appointed maestro di capella at San Marco.

Links

Caspar Kittel (1603-1639)

1632: Appointed instrumental inspector at the Hofkapelle, Dresden.

Caspar Kittel (1603-1639) [Chris Whent, "Here of a Sunday Morning"]

Giacomo Carissimi (1605-1674)

Composers Top, Composers  
Composers born 1701-1792  
Index Alphabetical Index  
1624-27: He was organist at the Tivoli Cathedral.
1628: First appointment as maestro di cappella at S. Rufino Cathedral in Assisi.
1629: Was organist at Tivoli.
1629: Bernardino Castorio appointed Carissimi maestro di capella at the Jesuit Collegio Germanico, Rome.
1650: Jephtha.
1656: Given the title maestro di cappella del concerto di camera by Queen Christina of Sweden in exile in Rome.

Links

Jakob Johann Froberger (1616-1667)

19 May 1616: Born in Stuttgart.
1637: Became a court organist in Vienna.
1637: Traveled to Rome to study with Frescobaldi.
1649: Returned to Austria; on the journey back to Vienna, Froberger performed for the courts at Florence and Mantua.
1657: Tombeau for the death of the Emperor Ferdinand III: Lamentation faite sur la mort très douloureuse de Sa Majesté Impèriale, Ferdinand le troisième, An. 1657.
1693: Diverse Ingegnosissime...curiose Partite, di toccate, canzone, ricercate, alemande, correnti, sarabande, e gique... (Mainz: Zu finden bey L. Bourgeat).
1696: Diverse curiose é rare partite musicali...Prima continuatione... (Moguniia: A Coste de Ludovico Bourgeat).

Links

Barbara Strozzi (1619-after 1663)

6 August 1619: Born in Venice.
1637: Guilio Strozzi (her father by adoption) founded the Accadmeia dei Unisoni, where she performed.
1641: La finta pazza.
1644: Il primo de' madrigali... (Venice).
1651: Cantate, ariette e duetti...opera seconda (Venice).
1654: Cantate, ariete...opera terza (Venice).
1655: Sacri musicali affetti...Opera quinta (Venice).
1657: Ariette a voce sola...opera sesta (Venice).
1658/1659: Diporti di Evterpe overo cantate & ariette a voce sola...opera settima (Venice).
Composers Top, Composers  
Composers born 1701-1792  
Index Alphabetical Index  
1664: Arie...opera ottava (Venice).
1656: "Quis dabi mihi", Motet (Venice).
1677: Died in Padua.

Links

Giovanni Legrenzi (1626-1690)

12 August 1626: Baptized in Clusone, near Bergamo.
1645: Named organist at Santa Maria Maggiore, Bergamo.
1651: Ordained a priest. Elected a resident chaplain of S. Maria Maggiore, Bergamo.
1656: Became maestro di cappella of Accademia dello Spirito Santo, Ferrara.
1662: His first opera, Nino il giusto first performed in Ferrara.
1675: La divisione del mondo, the first appearance of Giovanni Legrenzi's operas composed for Venetian audiences. Previously he was more active as a composer of sacred music and violin sonatas.
1683: His opera Il Giustino was performed at Teatro San Samuele, Venice.
1685: Appointed maestro di capella, San Marco, Venice.
1689: Composed a five-part mass and several motets, including "Intret in conspectus Tuo".

Links

Robert Cambert (ca. 1628-1677)

1652: Robert Cambert became the organist at the church Saint-Honoré, Paris.
1658: Composed La muette ingratte, which was an elegy for three voices in Italian style.
1659: La Pastorale en musique (Pastorale d’Issy; libretto by Perrin) [music lost].
1659: Ariane, ou le mariage de Bacchus (libretto by Perrin) [music lost].
1662: Appointed maître de musique for Anne d'Autriche.
Composers Top, Composers  
Composers born 1701-1792  
Index Alphabetical Index  
March 1671: Pomone ("pastorale": the first french opera; libretto by Perrin) presented at the Jeu de Paume de la Bouteille.
1672: Les peines et les plaisirs de l'amour ("pastorale-héroïque"; libretto by G. Gilbert).

Links

Matthew Locke (1630-1677)

1653: Composed, with Christopher Gibbons, Cupid and Death.
1656: Composed the fourth entry in The Siege of Rhodes.
1656: Little Consort of Three Parts... (London: W. Godbid for John Playford).
1661: Musick for His Majesty's Sagbutts and Cornetts, composed for the coronation of Charles II.
1667: The Tempest.
1672: Music for William Davenant, Macbeth (doubtful; all that survives is William Boyce's edition, 1770).
1673: Melothesia... (London: Printed for J. Carr...).
1675: Psyche, Dorset Garden, London.

Links

Jean-Baptiste Lully (1632-1687)

29 November 1632: Born in Florence.
1653: Employed at court of Louis XIV (France).
1653: Lully appeared in the Ballet de la nuit.
1661: King Louis XIV appointed Lully, surintendant de la musique de la chambre du roi.
1661, 19 February: Ballet, L'impatience, Louvre, Paris.
1664, 29 January: Comédie-ballet, Le mariage forcé, Louvre [with Moliere].
1664, 8 May: Comédie-ballet, La princesse d'Elide, Versailles.
1665 September: Comédie-ballet, L'amore médecin, Versailles.
1667 February: Comédie-ballet, Le Sicilien, ou L'Amour peintre, Saint Germain-en-Laye.
Composers Top, Composers  
Composers born 1701-1792  
Index Alphabetical Index  
1668, 18 July: Comédie-ballet, Georges Dandin, Versailles.
1669, 6 October: Comédie-ballet, Monsieur de Pourceaugnac, Chambord.
1670, 14 October: Comédie-ballet, Le bourgeois gentilhomme, Chambord.
1672: Les fêtes de l'Amour et de Bacchus (pastoral-pastiche, drawn from plays of Quinault, Molière, and Benserade).
1673: First performance of Cadmus et Hermione, theatre on the Rue Vaugirard.
1674: Alceste, ou Le triomphe d'Alcide (libretto by Quinault, after Euripides, Alcestis) produced at the Paris Opéra.
1675: Le carnaval ou mascarade de Versailles.
1677: Te Deum.
1678, 16 April: Psyché (libretto by T. Corneille and B. le Bovier de Fontenelle, after Apuleius, The Golden Ass), Paris Opéra.
1679: Bellérophon (libretto by T. Corneille and Fontenelle, after Hesiod, Theogeny), Paris Opéra.
1681: Le triomphe de l'amour.
1683, 8/9 January: Phaëton (libretto by Quinault, after Ovid, Metamorphoses), Versailles.
1684, 16 January: Amadis (libretto by Quinault, after Montalvo & Herberay des Essarts, Amadis de Gaule), Paris Opéra.
1685: Roland (libretto by Quinault, after Ariosto, Orlando furioso, Versailles.
1686, 15 February: Armide (libretto by Quinault, after Tasso, Gerusalemme liberata), Paris Opéra.

Links

Dietrich Buxtehude (ca. 1637-1707)

1657/1658: Appointed organist of the church St Maria Kyrka, Helsingborg (where his father Johannes had been organist about 1641).
1660: Appointed organist of the Marienkirche, Helsingør (Elsinore).
1668: Appointed organist and werkmeister at Church of Mary, Lübeck. Buxtehude had married Anna Margarethe Tunder, daughter of the previous organist.
1673: Buxtehude began the tradition of Abendmusiken (the German equivalent to Vespers), with a series of Advent concerts.
1696: VII suonate, opus 2 (Hamburg).
17 August 1703: Both Mattheson and Händel visited Buxtehude in Lübeck. Mattheson was seeking to replace Buxtehude, but baulked at the requirement that he marry Buxtehude's daughter.
1705: J.S. Bach visited Lübeck for several months, apparently to study music. He certainly must have heard Buxtehude's music while there, and may have met the older composer.
1707: Died May 9 in Lübeck.

Links

Giovanni Maria Bononcini (1642-1678)

Links

Alessandro Stradella (1644-1682)

1675: First performance of the Oratorio San Giovanni Batistta, Rome.
February 1677: Fled from Rome to Venice after involvement in a fraud.
1677: In Venice, became instructor to Agnese Van Uffele, mistress of Alvise Contarini. He and Agnese Van Uffele then fled to Turin. Later in the same year, after agreeing to marry Alvise Contarini, Stradella was attacked and severly injured by assassins.
1678: Published opera La forza dell'amor paterno (Genoa).
1679: First performance of the comic opera Il Trespolo Tutore, Genoa.
1681: Oratorio La Susanna, performed at the Oratorio di S Carlo, Modena.

Links

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Composers born 1701-1792  
Index Alphabetical Index  

Marc-Antoine Charpentier (1644-1704)

1672-3: La comtesse d’Escarbagnas and Le mariage forcé performed.
1673: Malade imaginaire premiere performance.
1675: Incidental music for Thomas Corneille, Circé, published 1676.
1683: Competed for the new position of sous-maître (music director and composer) at the French court and was successful in the first selection. but withdrew from the competition because of illness.
1683: Cantata: Orphée descendant aux enfers.
1684: Music master for the Jesuits of Saint-Paul Saint-Louis church.
1688: David et Jonathas.
1692–1693: Served as music teacher of the King's nephew, Philippe d’Orléans, Duke of Chartres (who later became Regent of France).
ca. 1692–1693: Treatise: Règles de composition par Mr Charpentier (in manuscript: F-Pn nouv.acq. fr.6355, 6356).
1693: Opera Médée first performed.
1698: Appointed Maître de musique of Sainte Chapelle (held the position the rest of his life).
1698-1699: Assumpta est Maria: Missa 6 vocibus cum simphonia.

Links

Heinrich Ignaz Franz von Biber (1644-1704)

1644: Born Wartenberg, Bohemia; baptised 12 August.
1668: Appointed valet de chambre in the Kapelle of the Bishop of Olmütz, at Kromeríz Castle, Moravia.
1672: Appointed at Court of the Archbishop of Salzburg.
1672: Married Maria Weiss.
1676: "Rosary" Sonatas.
1679: Appointed vice Kappellmeister of Salzburg Court.
1681: Appointed Kappellmeister and dean of the choir school.
1682: Missa Salisburgensis, composed for the celebration of the 1100th anniversary of Salzburg.
1687: Chi la dura la vince, Biber's only surviving opera.
1690: Emperor Leopold raised Biber to the noble rank of knight, with the title of Biber von Bibern.
1694: Singfundament, treatise on singing.
1697: Missa S Henrici, composed for entry of Biber's daughter, Anna Magdalena Biber, into the Benedictine convent of Nonnberg.
1704: Died 3 May, Salzburg.

Links

John Blow (1648-1708)

ca. 1661: Joined choristers at Chapel Royal. (He was probably one of the five boys that Cooke brought in spring 1661 from Newarke and Lincoln for the Chapel. [The warrant for Cooke's payment is dated 4 July 1661.])
1664/5: His voice broke, so he left the Chapel Royal.
Composers Top, Composers  
Composers born 1701-1792  
Index Alphabetical Index  
December 1668: Appointed organist of Westminster Abbey.
1669: Appointed musician for the virginals in the King's Music.
1674, 23 April: Witnessed Pelham Humfrey's will.
1674: Became Gentleman and Master of the Children of the Chapel Royal.
1674: Replaced Humfrey as "composer in his Majesty's private musick for voices in ordinary".
1674: Married Elizabeth Baddock.
1676: Appointed organist for the Chapel Royal.
1684: Venus and Andonis.
1684: Ode for St. Cecelia's Day, "Begin the song" (lyrics: J. Oldham), published 1685 as A Second Musical Entertainment (London).
1677: Recieved D.Mus.
1679: Resigned as organist at Westminster Abbey.
1687: Appointed Master of the Children of St. Paul's Cathedral. Since the great fire of London, services were held in temporary accommodations. From 1687, the services were held in the newly constructed Cathedral, designed by Christopher Wren.
1695: Replaced Purcell as as keeper, maker, mender and tuner of the Kings instruments (held jointly with Father Smith) and as organist at Westminster Abby.
1700: Amphion Anglicus, London.
1703: Resigned his position at St. Paul's Cathedral in favour of Jeremiah Clarke, organist of St. Paul's.

Links

Johann Jacob Walther (ca. 1650-1717)

ca. 1650: Born in Witterda, Germany (near Erfurt).
1674: Appointed primo violinista da camera at the electoral court, Dresden.
1676: Scherzi da violino solo con il basso continuo per l'organo ò cembalo, accompagnabile anche con una viola ò leuto (Moguntiæ: Bourgeat).
1688: Hortulus chelicus, uni violino duabus, tribus et quantuor subinde chordis simul sonantibus harmonicè modulanti... (Moguntiæ: Bourgeat).
2 November 1717: Died in Mainz.


Georg Muffat (1653-1704)

1663-1669: In Paris to study with various teachers, including Lully.
1671: Appointed organist of the Strasbourg Cathedral members living at Molsheim.
1677: Appointed organist, Salzburg Cathedral.
1682: Armonico tributo [five concerti grossi] (Salzburg).
1690: Made Kapellmeister to Johann Philipp von Lamberg, Bishop of Passau.
1690: Apparatus musico-organisticus...Editio prima... ([Vienna:] Venalis habetur apud Godefridum Muffat).
1695: Suavioris harmoniae instrumentalis hyporchematicae florilegium primum (Augsburg).
1698: Florilegium secundum (Passau).

Links

Johann Pachelbel (1653-1706)

1 September 1653: Baptized in Nuremberg.
1670: Entered Gymnasium Poeticum, Regensburg.
1671: Moved to Vienna; there student and deputy organist to Kerll at the Imperial chapel.
1677: Became organist for one year in Eisenach.
Composers Top, Composers  
Composers born 1701-1792  
Index Alphabetical Index  
1678: Became organist of the Protestant of Predigerkirche at Erfurt.
1683: His wife and baby both died from plague.
24 August 1684: Married Judith Drommoer.
1690: Became court organist at Stuttgart.
1692: Fled from Stuttgart in the face of a French invasion; went to Nuremberg, then Gotha.
1692: Became the town organist of Gotha.
1692: Offered positions as organist in Oxford as well as Stuttgart, but declined both.
1695: Took his last position, in Nürnberg.

Links

Arcangelo Corelli (1653-1713)

17 February 1653: born in Fusignano. Fusignano is an ancient city located in lower Romagna.
1666: Studied in Bologna.
1675: In Rome. Became chamber musician to Queen Christina of Sweden.
1681: Trio sonatas, Op. 1 (dedicated to Queen Christina of Sweden).
1685: Trio sonatas, Op. 2.
1689: Trio sonatas, Op. 3.
1694: Trio sonatas, Op. 4.
1700: ...Sonate a violino e violone o cimbalo...Opera qvinta, [Roma].
1714: Concerti grossi, Op. 6.
8 January 1713: Died and was buried in S. Maria della Rotonda (the Pantheon).

Links

Marin Marais (1656-1728)

1679: Made Ordinaire de musique de la chamber du Roi.

Links

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Composers born 1701-1792  
Index Alphabetical Index  

Michel-Richard de Lalande (1657-1726)

15 December 1657: Born in Paris.
15 April 1667-18 November, 1672: Was a chorister at St-Germain-L'Auxerrois, Paris.
1679: Delalande replaced Charles Couperin at Saint-Gervais, Paris, to hold the position until Couperin's eldest son was 18 (1686).
18 June 1726: Died in Versailles.

Links

Giuseppe Torelli (1658-1709)

22 April 1658: Born in Verona.
1684: Became member of the Accademia Filarmonica in Bologna as a suonatore di violino.
1686: Sonate a tre stromenti con il basso continuo, opera prima, Op. 1 (Bologna).
1686: Concerto da camera, Op. 2 (Bologna).
1686-1696: Studied with G.A. Perti and played viola in Saint Petronio's cappella musicale.
1687: Sinfonie à 2. 3. e. 4. istomenti...Opera terza (Bologna: Per Gioseffo Micheletti).
1688: Concertino per camera a violino e violoncello...Op. 4 (Bologna).
1698: Became maestro di concerto to the Margrave of Brandenburg at Ansbach.
1692: Sinfonie a 3 e concerti a 4, Op. 5 (Bologna).
1698 Concerti musicali...Op. 6 (Augsburg).
1699-1700: Went to Vienna where he wrote an oratorio for the emperor's chapel to be sung on Laetare Sunday (possibly Adam auss dem irridischen Paradiess verstossen).

Giuseppe Torelli (1658-1709) [Chris Whent, "Here of a Sunday Morning"]

Henry Purcell (1659-1695)

1690-1697 Purcell, 1690-1697
1664: Purcell's father, Henry Purcell (i) died; the young Purcell then was left in the care of his uncle, Thomas Purcell.
1667: Chorister of the Chapel Royal, trained by Captain Henry Cooke and later Pelham Humphrey.
1667: "Sweet tyranness", three-part song, one of Purcell's earliest compositions.
1673: Retired as a boy chorister in the Chapel Royal when his voice changed. He was appointed assistant to John Hingston, the keeper, maker, mender and tuner of the Kings instruments.
Composers Top, Composers  
Composers born 1701-1792  
Index Alphabetical Index  
1676: Composed incidental music for three plays: Shadwell's Epsom Wells [Z579] and The Libertine [Z600], and Dryden's Aureng-Zebe, or the Great Mogul [Z573].
1677: Appointed composer-in-ordinary to the King.
1677: Ode: "What hope for us remains now he is gone?", lament on the death of Matthew Locke.
1679: Succeeded John Blow as organist at Westminster Abby.
1680: Married Frances Peters.
1680: Incidental music for Nathaniel Lee, Theodosius, or the Force of Love [Z606].
1682: Appointed organist of the Chapel Royal.
1682: John Baptista, Purcell's first son of was born.
1683: Succeeded John Hingston as keeper, maker, mender and tuner of the Kings instruments.
1683: Published 12 of his trio sonatas in Sonnata's of III. Parts... (London: I. Playford and I. Carr for the author) [Z790-810].
1683: Ode: "Welcome to all the pleasures," A song for St. Cecilia's Day, [Z339] Purcell's first St. Cecilia's Day Ode, the first for the London St. Cecilia's Day celebrations.
1685: "My heart is inditing" [Z30] for coronation of James II.
1685/89: Incidental music for Charles D'Avenant, Circe [Z575].
1686: "Ye tuneful Muses, raise your heads", "Birthday Song for King James II" [Z344].
1688: His brother, Daniel Purcell appointed organist of Magdalen College, Oxford.
1688: Verse Anthems, "O Sing Unto the Lord" [Z44], "Blessed are they that fear the Lord" [Z5].
1688: Incidental music for Thomas D'Urfey, A Fool's Preferment [Z571].
1689: Dido and Aeneas [Z626] performed at Josias Priest's school for girls, Chelsea..
1690: The Prophetess, or the History of Dioclesian [Z627].
1691: King Arthur, or the British Worthy, libretto by John Dryden [Z628].
1691: Incidental music for Thomas Southerne, The Wives' Excuse, or Cuckolds Make Themselves [Z612], Drury Lane Theatre. 1692: The Fairy Queen [Z629].
1692: St. Cecilia's Day Ode, "Hail! bright Cecilia!" [Z328].
1694: Te Deum and Jubilate [Z232].
1694: Incidental music for Thomas D'Urfey, The Comical History of Don Quixote [Z578], Parts I and II, Dorset Garden.
1694: Ode: "Come ye sons of art away" [Z323].
1694: Incidental music for Thomas D'Urfey, The Comical History of Don Quixote [Z578], Part III, Dorset Garden.
1695: Incidental music for The Libertine [Z600].
1695: The Indian Queen [Z630].
1695: March and Canzona from the incidental music for The Libertine was reused for the funeral of Queen Mary.
21 November 1695: Henry Purcell wrote and signed his last will and testament on his death bed; buried in Westminster Abbey.
1698: Orpheus Britannicus [Book I] (London); Book II, 1702.

Links

Alessandro Scarlatti (1660-1725)

1672: Scarlatti travelled to Rome with his two sisters.
1678, 12 April: Scarlatti married Antonia Anzalone.
1679: Maestro di cappella to the Queen of Sweden (in Rome).
1679 February: Gli equivoci nel sembiante (libretto by D.F. Contini) first performed at G. Contini’s private theatre in Rome.
1680, 3 February: L’honestà negli amori (libretto by D.F. Bernini or D.F Contini) first performed at the palace of Queen Christina in Rome.
1703-1705: Assistant maestro di cappella, Congregazione dell'Oratorio di S Filippo Neri, Chiesa Nuova, Rome.
Composers Top, Composers  
Composers born 1701-1792  
Index Alphabetical Index  
1703: Appointed assistant maestro di cappella, S. Maria Maggiore, Rome.
1707: Appointed maestro di cappella, S. Maria Maggiore, Rome.
1707: Mitridate Eupatore (libretto by Girolamo Frigimelica Roberti), first performance 5 January, & Il trionfo della libertà (libretto by Girolamo Frigimelica Roberti), first performance 11 February, (both at) Teatro S Giovanni Grisostomo, Venice.
1715: Il Tigrane, o vero L’egual impegno d’amore e di fede (libretto by D. Lalli), Teatro S Bartolomeo, Naples.
1718: Il trionfo dell'onore (libretto by F.A. Tullio), Teatro dei Fiorentini, Naples.
1721: La Griselda, Teatro Capranica, Rome.

Links

Johann Joseph Fux (1660-1741)

1660: Born in Hirtenfeld, Austria.
1698: Became court composer at the Imperial Court, Vienna.
1701: Published Concentus Musico-Instrumentalis, in septem Partitas divisus (Nürnberg).
1715: Orfeo ed Euridice produced in Vienna.
1719: Elisa (Vienna).
1723: Costanza e Fortezza (Prague).
1725: Gradus ad Parnassum (Vienna).
13 February 1741: Died at the court of Charles VI in Vienna, Austria.

Links

André Campra (1660-1744)

1679: Maître de musique in Toulon.
7 August 1681: Maître de chapelle at Ste. Trophime, Arles.
1683-1694: Maître de musique at the Cathedral of St. Etienne, Toulouse.
1694-1700: Maître de musique at Notre Dame Cathedral, Paris.
1697, 24 Oct: Opéra-ballet, L’Europe galante (libretto by A.H. de Lamotte), Paris Opéra.

Links

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Composers born 1701-1792  
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Johann Kaspar Ferdinand Fischer (1665-1746)

1692–1716: Employed by the Margrave of Baden.
Links

Élisabeth-Claude Jacquet de la Guerre (1666/67-1729)

1687: Pieces de clavecin.
1694: the Académie Royale de Musique produced her musical tragedy Céphale et Procris.

Links

Jean-Féry Rebel (1666-1747)

1705, July: Appointed to 24 Violons of French King.
1705: Published Pièces...divisées par suites de tons... .
1712: Published Sonates à II et III parties... (dated 1695 in manuscript).
1713: Published Sonates...mellées de plusieurs récits... .
1716: Became maître de musique, Académie Royale.
1718: Received half of position of court chamber composer.
1726: Appointed as court chamber composer.
1737: Composed Les élémens.

Jean-Féry Rebel, [Jean-Baptiste-Ferry, le père] (1666 - 1747) [Chris Whent, "Here of a Sunday Morning"]

Composers Top, Composers  
Composers born 1701-1792  
Index Alphabetical Index  

Michel Pignolet de Montéclair (1667-1737)

Links

Antonio Lotti (ca. 1667-1740)

1687: Appointed musician at San Marco, Venice.
1690: Became second organist’s assistant at San Marco.
1692: Became organist of the second organ at San Marco.
1736: Appointed maestro di cappella at San Marco.

Links

François Couperin (1668-1733)

10 November 1668: born in Paris.
1679: Couperin's Father, Charles (the preceding organist at St. Gervais) died (Couperin was 11).
1685: Became organist of Saint-Gervais.
1689: Couperin married Marie Anne Ansault.
1693: Appointed to the royal chapel of Louis XIV.
1701: Promoted to chamber musician and music master to the royal family.
1713: Pièces de clavecin.
1717: L'art de toucher le clavecin.
Composers Top, Composers  
Composers born 1701-1792  
Index Alphabetical Index  
1730: Pièces de clavecin.

Links

Giovanni Bononcini (1670-1747)

Links

Antonio Caldara (1670/71-1736)

1693: Suonate a 3, op.1 (Venice).
1699: Suonate da camera, op.2 (Venice).
1716/17: Appointed vice-Kapellmeister at the Imperial Court, Vienna.

Links

Tomaso Albinoni (1671-1751)

1702: Cantate, Op. 4
Links

Reinhard Keiser (1674-1739)

1674: Born in Teuchern, Germany.
Composers Top, Composers  
Composers born 1701-1792  
Index Alphabetical Index  
1692-1694: Possibly was a musician at the court of Brunswick (Braunschweig).
1696/97: Appointed director of the Theater am Gänsemarkt (opera), Hamburg.

Links

Antonio Vivaldi (1678-1741)

1678: Born 4 March, Venice.
1693: Trained as a Priest at San Germiniano and San Giovanni.
1696: Served as deputy for his father, who was a violinist at San Marco from 1685.
1703: Ordained.
1703-1740: Musician at the Seminario musicale dell' Ospedale della Pietà, Venice.
1705: Sonatas, Op. 1.
1711: L'estro armonico [Concerti grossi], Op. 3 (Paris).
1713: Ottone in Villa (RV 729).
1716: Appointed maestro de' concerti at Ospedale della Pietà.
ca. 1719-1723: Maestro di cappella at court of the Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt (in Mantua).
1725: Il cimento dell’armonia e dell’inventione, Op. 8 (Amsterdam). "The Four Seasons" are included in this set of concerti.
1741: Travelled to Vienna with the singer Anna Girò; died 27/28 July.

Links

Jan Dismas Zelenka (1679-1745)

1690: In the service of Father Joseph Ludwig at the Jesuit College in Prague.
1710: Joined the band of Dresden's Hofkapelle as double-bass player.
Composers Top, Composers  
Composers born 1701-1792  
Index Alphabetical Index  
1717: Obtained leave of absence to study with Fux in Vienna.
Links

Johann Mattheson (1681-1764)

1717: Das Beschützte Orchestra, Hamburg.
1731: Grosse General-Bass-Schule.
1739: Der vollkommene Capellmeister.

Links

Georg Philipp Telemann (1681-1767)

1681: Born in Magdeburg.
1693/94: Began study with Caspar Calvoer at Zellerfeld.
1704: Position at Sorau.
1709: Position at Eisenach.
1712: Position at Frankfurt.
1721–death: Kantor of the Latinschule and Music Director of the five principal churches, Hamburg.

Links

Johann David Heinichen (1683-1729)

Composers Top, Composers  
Composers born 1701-1792  
Index Alphabetical Index  

1717: Appointed Kapellmeister at Dresden.
1728: Der General-Bass in der Composition.

Links

Christoph Graupner (1683-1760)

13 January 1683: Born in Kirchberg, Saxony.
1712-1760: Kapellmeister at Darmstadt.
10 May 1760: Died in Darmstadt.

Links

Jean Philipe Rameau (1683-1764)

1702: For three or four months Rameau served as organist (maître de musique) of Notre Dame des Doms, Avignon.
1722: Traité de l'harmonie.
1733: Hippolyte et Arice.
1737: First performance of Castor et Pollux (published about the same time).
1741: Pieces de clavecin en concerts, Paris.
1749: Zoroastre performed in Paris.
1754: Castor et Pollux revived in revised version.

Links

Johann Gottfried Walther (1684-1748)

Composers Top, Composers  
Composers born 1701-1792  
Index Alphabetical Index  
1702: Became organist of the Thomaskirche, Erfurt.
1732: Musicalisches Lexicon oder Musicalische Bibliothec, Leipzig.

Links

Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750)

1695: Following the death of his father, Johann Ambrosius Bach, Johann Sebastian Bach moved to Ohrdruf to live with his eldest brother, Johann Christoph Bach.
1700: In Lüneburg.
1703: Employed as a court musician by Duke Johann Ernst, Weimar.
1705: Bach visited Lübeck for several months, apparently to study music. He certainly must have heard Buxtehude's music while there, and may have met the older composer.
1708: Appointed organist atCourt of Weimar.
1717: In Cöthen.
1722: Well-Tempered Clavier, Vol. I .
1723: Appointed Kantor of Thomasschule, Leipzig.
1727: St. Matthew Passion.
1741-1742: Goldberg Variations.
1744: Well-Tempered Clavier Vol. II.
1747: Visits Court of Frederick the Great at Potsdam; Bach, Musical Offering.
1749: The Art of the Fugue.
Links

Domenico Scarlatti (1685-1757)

1703: Scarlatti's first two operas, L'Ottavia ristituita al trono and Il Giustino, were produced in Naples.
1705: Sent to Venice by his father, in the company of the castrato, Nicolo Grimaldi ("Nicolino"), in the hope of securing an appointment.
1708 (or earlier): Back in Rome.
Composers Top, Composers  
Composers born 1701-1792  
Index Alphabetical Index  
1708/09-1713/14: In the service of Queen Maria Casimira, exiled Queen of Poland, in Rome, as a composer of her private operas. By 1711 he was her maestro di cappella.
1719: Appointed mestre of the Portugese royal chapel, Lisbon.
1719-1728: Travelled extensively.
15 May 1728: Married in Rome, Maria Catalina Gentili.
1738: Appointed Knight of the Order of Santiago by João V of Portugal.
1738/39: Essercizi per gravicembalo... (London), collection of 30 sonatas, dedicated to João V.
1749: Birth of last child, Antonio.
1752: In his sole surviving autograph letter, written to the Duke of Huescar, Scarlatti comments on his ill health that confines him to his house.
23 July 1757: Died in his home, Madrid.

Links

Georg Friedrich Händel (1685-1759)

1702: Began studying law at the University of Halle. Soon after, appointed organist at the Calvinist Domkirche, Halle.
1703: In Hamburg.
1706: In Italy; there met Corelli, and both Alessandro Scarlatti and Domenico Scarlatti.
1710: Kapellmeister to the Elector of Hanover.
1711: Moved to London.
1711: Rinaldo.
1713: Teseo.
1713: Court ode, Eternal Source of Light Divine, for birthday of Queen Anne, 6 February.
7 July 1713: Te Deum and Jubilate, performed at St. Paul's Cathedral, London, to celebrate the Peace of Utrech.
28 December 1713: Queen Anne grants Händel a lifetime pension of £200 per year.
1717: Succeeded Pepusch as chapel master to the Duke of Chandos.
1740: Twelve Grand Concertos, Op. 6.
1742: Messia performed in Dublin.
1747: Judas Maccabaeus performed in London.
1749: Solomon performed in London.
1752: Jephtha performed in London.
Links

Composers Top, Composers  
Composers born 1701-1792  
Index Alphabetical Index  

Benedetto Marcello (1686-1739)

Links

Sylvius Leopold Weiss (1686-1750)

1694: A the age of seven, performed for the first time in front of royalty when he played for Emperor Leopold I.
1708-1714: Appointed to court of the Prince of Poland (in Rome).
After 1717: Served as a chamber musician in the royal court at Dresden.
1739: Weiss and fellow lutenist Johann Kropfgans visited J.S. Bach in Leipzig. This is the first documented instance of Bach and Weiss meeting, but they probably had met in Dresden previously.

Links

Francesco Geminiani (1687-1762)

1711: Leader of opera orchestra, Naples.
1714: Moved to London.
1714: Violin sonatas, Op. 1.
1739: Violin sonatas, Op. 4.
1751: The Art of Playing on the Violin, London.
Links

Joseph Bodin de Boismortier (1689-1755)


Composers Top, Composers  
Composers born 1701-1792  
Index Alphabetical Index  

Giuseppe Tartini (1692-1770)

1723: Chamber musician in the court of Count Kinsky, Prague.
1728: Began a school for violin players in Padua.
1754: Trattato di musica secondo la vera scienza dell'armonia.
Mini-Biography: Giuseppe Tartini 1692-1770 [At: The Canons and Fugues of J. S. Bach (Dr. Tim Smith, N. Arizona U.)]

Johan Helmich Roman (1694-1758)

Links

Pietro Antonio Locatelli (1695-1764)

3 September 1695: Born in Bergamo.
1721: Concerto grosso Op. 1.
30 March 1764: Died in Amsterdam.

Links

Jean-Marie Leclair (1697-1764)

Links

Johann Joachim Quantz (1697-1773)

Composers Top, Composers  
Composers born 1701-1792  
Index Alphabetical Index  
1716: Became member of the Dresden orchestra.
1718: Member of the royal Polish orchestra.
1728: Quantz began instructing crown prince Frederick of Prussia.
1740: When Frederick II (the Great) became Elector of Prussia, King of Poland, Quantz was appointed Hofmusicus and composer to the king.
1752: Versuch einer Anweisung die Flöte traversiere zu spielen.

Links

Johann Adolph Hasse (1699-1783)

1731: Cleofide.
1731: Appointed to the court of Poland and the electoral court of Saxony.
1734: Became intermittent director of the Dresden opera.
1764- 1773: Lived in Vienna.
Mini-Biography: Johann Adolph Hasse 1699-1783 [At: The Canons and Fugues of J. S. Bach (Dr. Tim Smith, N. Arizona U.)]

IndexComposers born 1701-1792 Index
History Top: Composers .....


Index of Composers
A:  Abelard  |  Adam de la Halle  |  Agricola  |  Albinoni  |  Arcadelt  |  Aston
B:  Bach, C.P.E.  |  Bach, J.C.  |  Bach, J.S.  |  Bach, W.F.  |  Banchieri  |  Beethoven  |  Biber  |  Binchois  |  Blow  |  Boccherini  |  Boismortier  |  Bononcini, G.  |  Bononcini, G.M.  |  Boyce  |  Brumel  |  Bull  |  Buonamente  |  Busnoys  |  Buxtehude  |  Byrd
C:  Cabezón  |  Caccini, F.  |  Caccini, G.  |  Caldara  |  Cambert  |  Campra  |  Cara  |  Carissimi  |  Cavalieri  |  Cavalli  |  Cavazzoni  |  Charpentier  |  Ciconia  |  Clemens non Papa  |  Clementi  |  Compère  |  Corelli  |  Cornysh  |  Couperin, F.
D-E:  Davy  |  de Lalande  |  Ditters von Dittersdorf  |  Dowland  |  Du Fay  |  Dunstaple  |  Encina  |  P. de Escobar
F:  Fayrfax  |  Ferrabosco  |  Festa  |  Finck  |  Fischer  |  Frescobaldi  |  Froberger  |  Frye  |  Fux
G:  Gabrieli, A.  |  Gabrieli, G.  |  Galuppi  |  Geminiani  |  Gesualdo  |  Gibbons  |  Giuliani  |  Gluck  |  Gombert  |  Gossec  |  Graun, C.H.  |  Graun, J.G.  |  Grétry  |  Guerrero
H-K:  Händel  |  Hasse  |  Haydn  |  Hayne v. Ghizeghem  |  Heinichen  |  Hildegard v. Bingen  |  Hofhaimer  |  Hummel  |  Isaac  |  Graupner  |  Jacquet de la Guerre  |  Janequin  |  Jenkins  |  Josquin  |  Keiser  |  Kittel
L:  Landini  |  la Rue  |  Lassus  | Lawes, H.  |  Lawes, W.  |  Leclair   |  Legrenzi  |  Le Jeune  |  Léonin  |  Locatelli  |  Locke  |  Lotti  |  Lully
M:  Machaut  |  Manchicourt  |  Marais  |  Marcello, B.  |  Marenzio  |  Marini  |  Mattheson  |  Merula  |  Merulo, C.  |  Milán  |  Monte  |  Montéclair  |  Monteverdi 1567-1612, 1513-1643  |  Morales  |  Morley  |  Morton  |  Mouton  |  Mozart, L.  |  Mozart, W.A.  |  Mudarra  |  Muffat
N-Q:  Obrecht  |  Ockeghem  |  Ortiz  |  Pachelbel, J.  |  Palestrina  |  Paumann  |  Peñalosa  |  Pergolesi  |  Pérotin  |  Porta  |  Power  |  Prætorius  |  Purcell  |  Quantz
R:  Rameau  |  Rebel  |  Reicha  |  Roman  |  Rore  |  Rossi, L.  |  Rossi, S.  |  Rossini
S:  Sammartini  |  Salieri  |  Scarlatti, A.  |  Scarlatti, D.  |  Scheidt  |  Schein  |  Schütz  |  Senfl  |  Sermisy  |  Sheppard  |  Soler  |  Spohr  |  Stamitz, C.  |  Stamitz, J.W.A.  |  Stradella  |  Striggio  |  Strozzi  |  Sweelinck
T-U:  Tallis  |  Tartini  |  Taverner   |  Telemann  | Tinctoris   |  Torelli  |  Tromboncino  |  Tye
V:  Vecchi  |  Verdelot  |  Victoria  |  Viotti  |  Vitry  |  Vivaldi
W-Z:  Walter, J.  |  Walter v. d. Vogelweide  |  Walther, J.G.  |  Walther, J.J.  |  Weelkes  |  Weber  |  Weiss  |  Wert  |  Wilbye  |  Willaert  |  Zarlino  |  Zelenka

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Last updated: 24 May 2008.
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